US Dollar Recovers Ground Ahead of Fed Meeting

The US dollar bounced back on Friday, but could not offset the losses suffered during the week. The greenback was lower against most major pairs at the end of five days. Traders adjusted their positions before the weekend giving some breathing room to the USD.

The U.S. Federal Reserve will host its two-day meeting on Tuesday and Wednesday. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) statement will be published at 2:00 pm EDT followed by a press conference by Fed Chair Jerome Powell at 2:30 pm EDT.

A rate lift by the US central bank is highly anticipated and has been priced in to the dollar putting more focus on the words of the Fed chief.

Euro Appreciates as US Trade War Fears Soften

The EUR/USD surged 1.05 percent this week. The single currency is trading at 1.1743 after a late recovery attempt by the USD on Friday.



The Trump administration unveiled the second round of tariffs against Chinese goods on Monday but as more details came out an all out trade war can still be averted.

Despite the rhetoric market participants are optimistic about a resolution that will not have a negative impact on global growth.

German data and EU inflation will be released this week. German confidence has improved of late and forecasts show that trend will continue but European inflation early results are not expected to have gained traction. The EUR has recovered from political uncertainty earlier in the year, but investors will look at fundamentals for guidance.

Canadian Inflation Lifts Probabilities of an October Rate Hike

The USD/CAD fell 0.92 percent in the last five days. The currency pair is trading at 1.2921 after various phases of NAFTA jitters have helped and pressured the loonie. The Canadian currency gained on a weekly basis against a softening greenback.

US-China trade rhetoric hast lost some traction, and as JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon put it, it’s more like a skirmish than a war.


Canadian dollar weekly graph September 17, 2018

NAFTA optimism remains high, but officials from both sides have begun to trade sound bites as frustrations mount.

US White House Chief Economic Advisor Kevin Hasset said in a TV interview that the US could forge ahead with the Mexico only trade deal. The US has been trying to get Canada to join the quick agreement made with Mexico, but so far the negotiations have not been as smooth.

Canadian Foreign Minister wrapped up her Washington visit on Thursday with the Quebec elections on October 1 an important day if dairy concessions are given as part of the NAFTA renegotiation.

Canadian monthly GDP data will be released on Friday September 28, with a forecast of 0.1 percent. The stronger pace earlier in the year and with inflation above target will pressure the Bank of Canada (BoC) to lift rates in October. Probabilities of a 25 basis points hike are at 88.74 percent.

Oil Ends Week Higher with OPEC Meeting to Provide Guidance

Oil prices rose ahead of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) meeting in Algiers in a week that included supply concerns and pressure from US President Trump to keep prices low.


West Texas Intermediate graph

The production cut agreement by the OPEC and other major producers has been the most important factor in the stabilization of crude prices since the 2014 drop.

Supply disruptions have kept prices in current ranges even as the OPEC and partners such as Russia will be discussing ramping up production.

The biggest disruption to supply this year has come from the reapplication of US sanctions against Iranian exports. Global producers that are part of the supply curb have telegraphed their intentions but weather and geopolitical factors have been offset with global growth and energy demand forecast downgrades.

Weekly US inventories threw another drawdown data point on Wednesday and have kept the black stuff bid. President Trump has used twitter as a macro policy tool and this time his aim fell on the OPEC.

The organization has limited options and will look to Saudi Arabia for leadership as some members have pressured internally to increase production for their own national interests.

This time the US is mixing political and economic factors to force an increase in supply, even though the White House is the one who triggered the latest disruption.

Yellow Metal Loses Shine on Friday Looks Ahead to Fed Rate Hike

Gold was lower on Friday by 0.65 percent, but gains earlier in the week still managed to put it in the black with a 0.19 percent gain.

The safe haven appeal of the yellow metal was lower as US stock markets continued their rally stoked by improving economic data in America.



The Fed’s imminent rate hike is keeping gold close to the $1,200 price level and the Swiss franc is now the de facto refuge for investors.

With a 25 basis points fully priced in from the Fed metal investors will be focusing on the economic projections and any changes in the wording of the statement looking for clues on the rate hike path of the central bank.

Market events to watch this week:

Monday, September 24
4:00am EUR German Ifo Business Climate
Tuesday, September 25
10:00am USD CB Consumer Confidence
9:00pm NZD ANZ Business Confidence
Wednesday, September 26
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
2:00pm USD FOMC Economic Projections
2:00pm USD FOMC Statement
2:00pmUSD Federal Funds Rate
2:30pm USD FOMC Press Conference
5:00pm NZD Official Cash Rate
6:00pm NZD RBNZ Press Conference
Thursday, September 27
8:30am USD Core Durable Goods Orders m/m
8:30amUSD Final GDP q/q
Friday, September 28
4:30am GBP Current Account
8:30am CAD GDP m/m

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Sterling Down on May Brexit Warnings

May resorts to rehashing old threats after failed Salzburg meeting

Theresa May took to the podium on Friday in an attempt to hit back at the EU after she was humiliated in Salzburg in what was meant to be a positive meeting ahead of the Tory Party Conference.

While May will be desperate for the takeaway from the speech to be that the UK is serious in its no deal threats and the EU should take their proposal seriously and resume dialogue based on the government’s Chequers plan or risk such an outcome, the speech itself was nothing but a stern rehash of what has been said in the past. As ever, these talks are showing themselves to be a frustrating and soul destroying game of chicken among a group of officials that agree that no deal is a bad outcome but are determined to drag them out in the hope of slightly better terms.

The pound came under pressure in the lead up to May’s speech and that continued during and in the aftermath, with traders potentially seeing this as a sign that no deal is a real and increasingly likely outcome. That may be exactly the message May wanted to send to the media, her party – particularly the Brexiteers – and the EU but I do not believe it changes anything. A fudged 11th hour deal that kicks the can down the road on the toughest decisions still remains the most likely outcome and I do not believe the appetite exists on either side for no deal that makes it as likely as we’re being led to believe.

GBPUSD Daily Chart

EURGBP Daily Chart

GBPJPY Daily Chart

GBPCAD Daily Chart

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Sterling lower as EU rejects May Brexit proposal

Investors in buoyant mood despite trade tariffs

Investors continue to brush off the ongoing trade dispute between the US and China, along with negative Brexit developments in Salzburg, with stocks in Europe trading higher to end the week.

Another winning day would cap a very good week for stock markets, with the Dow and S&P 500 both trading in record territory – the first time for the former since January – and those in Europe and Asia very much taking new US and Chinese tariffs in their stride. This may be a case of the tariffs already being priced in or being a little softer than was expected, but the important thing is it’s far from the end and investors may not be so buoyant if Donald Trump responds quickly and aggressively as he’s suggested he will.

Sterling slips as May is humiliated in Salzburg

The pound is paring its gains on Friday after the EU rejected Theresa May’s Chequers proposal, casting doubt on a compromise being found despite the UK being only months from leaving the block. Clearly traders don’t view this as too significant a setback or I would expect the drop off in the currency to be much larger and the rejection hardly comes as a surprise given that officials have publicly criticised the proposal in the past.

GBPUSD Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

That said, reports do suggest that EU officials have taken a harder line against May following her insistence that it’s Chequers or no deal. Clearly they believe this is a bluff and haven’t taken to kindly to such a stance so late in the day. May now faces a tough challenge in returning to the UK ahead of the Conservative party conference no closer to a deal than she was before, leaving her with a massive target on her back as certain colleagues look to position themselves as a better alternative.

Euro edges lower on weaker PMIs

The euro is also paring earlier gains after PMIs for September painted a slightly gloomier picture, particularly for the manufacturing sector where trade conflicts, Brexit and falling global demand contributed to a decline in optimism. Manufacturers are clearly a little nervous about the number of risks for the sector and the volatility and difficulties in emerging markets right now will not be giving them much reason for optimism.

EURUSD Daily Chart

The euro area has been experiencing something of a slowdown for much of the year but this hasn’t deterred the ECB which still plans to end its bond buying program in December and consider a rate hike in the second half of next year. The latter plans may be shelved though if the economic situation doesn’t improve, something policy makers hope will naturally follow an easing of trade tensions and resolution on Brexit. Right now though this feels a long way away.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Brexit, UK consumer and trade in focus (video)

Nick Batsford, CEO of Core London is joined down the line by Craig Erlam, Senior Market Analyst at OANDA, to discuss why the pound has rallied on Thursday and the latest developments in the US-China trade spat.

 

Kiwi jumps on strongest growth in two years

Kiwi higher as Q2 growth beats forecasts

New Zealand recorded its best quarter-on-quarter growth in Q2 as the economy expanded 1.0%, a faster pace than the 0.8% growth economists had expected. On an annual basis, growth was also higher than expected, rising 2.8% y/y, topping estimates of a 2.5% increase. New Zealand’s Statistics Agency reported that growth was broad-based with mining the only industry to decline. The largest contribution to growth was agriculture, which rose 4.2%.

The kiwi popped higher in a knee-jerk reaction to the data, with NZD/USD rising to its highest level this month. The 55-day moving average is at 0.6687 and NZD/USD has traded below this average since April 19.

 

NZD/USD Daily Chart

Source: Oanda fxTrade

 

NAFTA talks slow

It is looking increasingly less likely that any agreement on renewing the NAFTA this week with talks reportedly stalled and going nowhere. Canadian PM Trudeau said yesterday there would need to be a bit more flexibility from the US if the two sides are to reach a deal by the end of the month.

The Canadian dollar has been rising for the past two days, though more likely due to weakness in the US dollar rather than strength in the Canadian one. USD/CAD is currently trading at 1.2918, above the 200-day moving average at 1.2866. USD/CAD has traded above this moving average since April 19.

 There are $1.1 billion worth of USD/CAD options expiring today at strike 1.30

 

USD/CAD Daily Chart

Source: Oanda fxTrade

 

 

EU leaders summit to produce more Brexit headlines?

EU leaders begin a summit in Austria today with an increasing risk that more Brexit-linked headlines will be released. The latest news was that UK’s May had rejected the EU’s improved proposal on the Irish border and the pound suffered as a result.

Other data points include UK retail sales for August which are expected to show negative month-on-month growth again after a positive July.  The US releases weekly jobless claims and the September reading for the Philadelphia Fed manufacturing index together with August’s existing home sales.

 

You can view the full MarketPulse data calendar at https://www.marketpulse.com/economic-events/

 

Markets flat as China quickly responds to tariffs

Ball back in Trump’s court as China responds with counter-tariffs

Markets are taking new tariffs between the US and China in their stride again on Wednesday, with stocks in Europe and futures in the US looking quite flat ahead of the open on Wall Street.

The latest tit-for-tat between Washington and Beijing has been on the cards for some time and while investors would have preferred to avoid the need for them, they were prepared and it was well priced in. In fact, the US tariffs were probably towards the lower end of expectations so the announcement didn’t really carry the same shock factor that previous announcements or reports have.

What may have a greater impact is Donald Trump following through quickly on phase three, as he has indicated he would which would dramatically ramp up the intensity and pace of the trade war between the two countries and could lead to more undesirable outcomes. There is clearly a good reason why the Trump administration has chosen not to include certain products – specifically those it stripped out after the consultation period – and opted initially for 10% rather than 25% and I think this may stop him acting in the rash manner he indicated he would.

OANDA Trading Asia market closing note : Irrational exuberance ? YUAN

UK inflation spikes in August sending sterling higher

Over in the UK, attention has switched briefly away from politics – or more specifically Brexit – and onto the data after CPI numbers for August showed prices rising by 2.7%, a significant beat on expectations. The release triggered quite a strong response in the pound, rallying above 1.32 against the dollar for the first time in almost two months before settling up around a quarter of a percent on the day.

UK Inflation

I don’t personally think this changes much from an interest rates perspective, especially in the near-term with the Bank of England having only recently raised interest rates to post-financial crisis highs and shown a willingness to proceed with caution over the coming years. We’re also heading into a crucial period for Brexit talks and I think policy makers will want to withdraw from the spotlight during that time and then reassess the situation once the terms of the divorce are clearer.

Tariffs? – So what!

GBP to remain sensitive to Brexit ahead of Salzburg summit

The increase itself may also be temporary and reflect firms taking advantage of a great summer and enthusiastic consumer, something that may take its toll in the months ahead. I don’t expect the BoE to react too much to this summer spike and instead take a more conservative view unless we see further evidence of it becoming a longer-term trend.

GBPUSD Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

Sterling is going to remain sensitive to Brexit reports in the coming months and tomorrow’s meeting in Salzburg will be the next hurdle. Traders will be paying very close attention to any comments coming from the summit and will be looking for any hints that significant progress is being made towards a deal that will avoid a disastrous no deal Brexit. Traders are clearly becoming more optimistic but that’s coming from a low base, with a lot of pessimism having been priced in since April.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Live FX analysis – 18 September 2018 (Video)

Senior Market Analyst Craig Erlam discusses the key market themes from the summer – most notably US tariffs and Brexit – and the events to watch out for this week.

Craig also gives his live analysis on EURUSD (17:48), GBPUSD (21:36), EURGBP (24:42), AUDUSD (25:44), USDCAD (28:33), GBPCAD (31:02), NZDUSD (32:41), USDJPY (34:16), GBPJPY (35:25) and EURJPY (36:31).

US Futures Higher Despite New Chinese Tariffs

New tariffs already priced in

Investors have taken US President Donald Trump’s announcement of new tariffs against China in their stride on Tuesday, with indices across much of Asia and Europe in the green and US futures a little higher.

The tariffs have been talked about for some time now and it was only a matter of time until the announcement came so there was no reason to expect too much of a response, unless either the final number was higher or the list included unexpected items that investors deemed damaging. Not only did neither of these happen, but some expected items were not included on the list and the tariff will only be 10%, rising to 25% at the end of the year if negotiations don’t move forward, a minor positive.

The ball is now in China’s court, how they respond will determine how big an escalation we can expect and what the economic and market price will be. So far, the economic impact has been minimal but we’ve only just entered into significant tariff territory. The greatest impact has come in the markets, with Chinese stocks having fallen into bear market territory and the yuan having fallen more than 10% against the dollar.

USDCNH Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

DAX higher despite new Trump tariffs

Will Trump follow through with more tariffs?

The interesting result of this is that the currency move has largely offset the impact of the tariffs on Chinese goods and the trade deficit has widened, I’m sure much to the frustration of the Trump administration. If we see a similar result from these tariffs and the impact on prices at home is more significant, I wonder whether Trump will revisit the strategy or just persisxt and attempt to inflict as much damage on China and its markets as possible.

US and China Trade Data (2018)

US Census Bureau

China obviously doesn’t have the tariff firepower that Trump has but appears to be adopting a different strategy for getting under the skin of the Trump administration. Aside from counter-tariffs, more of which will likely be announced very soon, China has shown a willingness to forge closer ties with others and reduce its reliance on the US, most notably Russia, something that will make lawmakers very uncomfortable and could hurt the US much more in the longer-term.

Ultimately, I’m sure investors would rather that common sense prevail and both sides return to the negotiating table and find a solution that removes tariffs and promotes free trade but it doesn’t feel like we’re any closer to that, especially if China follows through on reported threats to reject an invitation for talks if Trump follows imposes more tariffs.

Asia closing market notes : riding the risk rollercoaster

Politics likely to remain primary driver of markets

While there are a number of notable economic events that investors should pay attention to over the course of this week, politics has been dominant and I don’t see that changing, especially as Brexit negotiations continue with the deadline fast approaching. The pound has been extremely sensitive to Brexit reports recently, no matter how minor the comments appear to be and it’s likely that will continue until we start to see some significant progress.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Copper melts

MANILA, Sept 18 (Reuters) – London copper drifted lower for a third session running on Tuesday as China vowed to respond to the latest U.S. tariffs on about $200 billion of Chinese goods, exacerbating the trade war between the world’s two biggest economies.

In imposing the new tariffs, U.S. President Donald Trump warned that if China takes retaliatory action against U.S. farmers or industries, “we will immediately pursue phase three, which is tariffs on approximately $267 billion of additional imports.”

China’s commerce ministry said the country has no choice but to retaliate against the fresh U.S. tariffs and hopes the United States would correct its behaviour.

“We know China can’t go tit for tat as they don’t have enough U.S. goods to tax,” said Stephen Innes, head of Asia Pacific trading at OANDA brokerage.

“So, if there is a more heavy-handed approach such as flat-out import restriction or overtly weakening the yuan, it could certainly bring the big market bears out of hibernation,” Innes said in a note to clients.

Commodities Weekly: Copper nears 15-month low as fresh tariffs announced

CNBC via Reuters

All Brexit outcomes will come at an economic cost

All “likely” Brexit outcomes will entail a financial hit for the U.K. economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned on Monday.

But, it said, a disorderly “no-deal” scenario — where Britain leaves the European Union without any kind of trading relationship in place — would be much worse.

“While all likely Brexit outcomes will entail costs for the U.K. economy by departing from the frictionless single market that now prevails, an agreement that minimizes the introduction of new tariff and non-tariff barriers would best protect growth and incomes in the U.K. and EU,” the IMF said in its latest report on the outlook and risks to the world economy, published Monday.

CNBC