Trade Binary Options

How to Trade Binary Options

General Risk Warning:

The financial products offered by the company carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose.
  1. There are only 2 types of transactions you can make with binary options: CALL and PUT.

The IQ Option platform allows our traders to make investments starting from just $1.


  1. Call – Option for rising prices. If you believe the price is about to go up, choose this option.

PUT – Option for falling prices. Buy this option when you expect the price to decrease.

If you see on the chart that the price isn’t rising or falling, that means that right now there’s a “neutral trend.” In this case, it’s best to hold off on buying this option. Consider choosing a different asset to invest in.

Trend examples:


  1. Never invest more than 2% of your capital in a single option. This is the golden rule for any investor. This way you can manage your investing without losing your head…or your money
  2. In order to improve the quality of your results, use technical & fundamental market analysis.
  3. Try different asset classes. If you’re not getting results with currency pairs, try stock indices. On IQ Option you can  find over 500 types of assets, including Amazon, Facebook, and Google.
  4. Sign up for IQ Option’s, where you’ll find out how to analyze trends, choose a trading pattern, and personally answer any questions you may have.

How to register & trade on IQ Option


General Risk Warning:

The financial products offered by the company carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose.

General Risk Warning:

The financial products offered by the company carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose.



Get Bitcoin Debit Card

Get Bitcoin Debit Card

Bitcoin Debit Card

Bitcoin Debit Card
  • SpectroCoin offers prepaid Bitcoin cards, which can be used at any ATM around the globe and in shops as an ordinary payment card.

  • Cards are funded instantly, so you do not have to worry about changing your bitcoins in advance.

  • Cards can be denominated in dollars (USD), euros (EUR), or pounds (GBP).

Global bitcoins trade


Use it at 30+ million ATMs around the world

International bitcoin debit card


Use cards at 20+ million sites and shops worldwide

Bitcoin card limit

High limits

High deposit and withdrawal limits

Bitcoin Debit Card Fees





Price $9.00/€8.00/£6.00 $0.50/€0.50/£0.50
Delivery 3-4 weeks Instant
Monthly service charge fee* $1.00/€1.00/£1.00 $1.00/€1.00/£1.00
Card top up from SpectroCoin account 0% 0%
Card to Bitcoin wallet (Buying bitcoin) 0.5% + $1.00/€1.00/£1.00 0.5% + $1.00/€1.00/£1.00
ATM withdrawal in domestic currency $2.5/€2.25/£1.75
ATM withdrawal in other currency $3.50/€2.75/£2.25
3rd party load 1.99% 1.99%
Currency exchange** 3% 3%
Normal shipping (up to 3-4 weeks) Free
Expedited shipping (4-5 days) $75/€69/£50

*Service fee is not charged, if card balance is 0

**Fee is charged if you pay in currencies other than the default currency (USD/EUR/GBP)

Bitcoin Debit Card Limits

Max number of Top-ups per day 2 2
Max Top-up amount per purchase $2,500/€2,500/£2,000 $10,000/€10,000/£8,000
Max Top-up amount per day $2,500/€2,500/£2,000 $20,000/€20,000/£16,000
POS load** Not available No limit
Max lifetime load $2,500/€2,500/£2,000 No limit
Max number of ATM transactions per day 2 5
Max single ATM withdrawal $200/€200/£160 $1,000/€1,000/£800
Max ATM withdrawal per day $400/€400/£320 $2,000/€2,000/£1,600
Total ATM withdrawal limit $1,000/€1,000/£800 No limit
Max POS amount per day (shops) $1,000/€1,000/£800 No limit
Max number unload to Bitcoin wallet transactions per day 2 2
Min unload to Bitcoin wallet $2/€2/£2 $2/€2/£2
Max unload to Bitcoin wallet $1,000/€1.000/£800 $2,250/€2,250/£2,000
Total lifetime unload from card $1,000/€1,000/£800 No limit

Buy Bitcoins with Credit Card

*to verify your card, you will have to provide passport or ID card and utility bill
**Your card has to be verified in order to be able to receive funds (Original Credit Transactions via Visa Direct) from 3rd party Merchants like Paypal, Gambling sites and etc. If funds are received to unverified card it will be blocked and funds will be frozen until card gets verified.
***Residents of France must have a Verified Card and are limited to a maximum ATM Cash Withdrawal of €1,000 per 30 days. Also they are limited to a maximum balance of €10,000.
****Please note we cannot load pre-paid debit card with a credit card. All pre-paid card funding must be processed through your visa/MasterCard branded bank/debit card. All credit card transactions will be declined. Additionally, the Merchant account will only be utilized for the loading of the pre-paid debit card and not for Bitcoin purchases or Wallet loads. For billing questions please contact Allied wallet at (+44) 203 318 8334 or click here

Israeli soldiers fired “deliberate shots” at slain Palestinian paramedic, NGO finds

Israeli soldiers killed slain Palestinian paramedic Razan al-Najjar with “deliberate shots”, an investigation by Israeli human rights NGO B’Tselem has concluded.

B’Tselem contrasted the findings of their investigation with “the changing versions supplied by the IDF Spokesperson” and concluded that “a routine of whitewashing [by Israeli authorities] ensures very slim chances of anyone being held accountable”.

According to B’Tselem, during a 1 June protest in the occupied Gaza Strip, Israeli soldiers “deliberately fired at Palestinian paramedics wearing medical crew uniforms who were 25 meters from the fence”, killing Razan, and wounding two others.

At approximately 6pm, “a group of paramedics approached the fence to evacuate two young men suffering from teargas inhalation”, B’Tselem recounted. “The paramedics were wearing identifying uniforms and, as they approached, kept their hands up in the air”.

READ: Palestinian medic in Gaza recounts being shot in the leg by Israeli sniper

Rami Abu Jazar, a volunteer paramedic alongside Razan, told B’Tselem what happened next.

“We stood about 10 meters away from them [the stricken protesters], which was about 25 meters away from the fence. There were no protesters near us. At around a quarter to six, we saw two soldiers get out of a military jeep, kneel and aim their guns at us, taking up a sniper stance”.

Palestinians along the Gaza-Israel border reaffirm the ‘Right of Return’ and get shot by IOF - Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

Palestinians along the Gaza-Israel border reaffirm the ‘Right of Return’ and get shot by IOF – Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

Two live rounds were fired at the paramedics, hitting Razan in the chest, and Rami in the left leg – a third paramedic was hit by shrapnel. Razan died in hospital not long afterwards.

As noted by B’Tselem, the Israeli army initially claimed “that soldiers did not fire at the spot where she [Razan] had been standing”, then suggested she “might have been killed by a ricochet”, before “finally accusing her of serving as a human shield for rioters”.

In contrast to these changing stories, B’Tselem’s investigation proves that the 20-year-old paramedic “was fatally shot” by an Israeli soldier “who was aiming directly at her as she was standing about 25 meters away from the fence, despite the fact that she posed no danger to him or anyone else and was wearing a medical uniform”.

VIDEO: Israel forces assault Palestinian paramedics as they tend to injured youths

The NGO stressed that the killing of Razan “is a direct result of the open-fire policy Israel has been implementing since the protests began”, whose “lethal results of this policy are well known”.

“According to figures up until 10 July 2018 as released by the World Health Organization, 357 medical staff had been hurt: 26 by live fire; 37 were directly hit by teargas canisters; 12 were hit by shrapnel; no details were given for the rest. In addition, 58 ambulances sustained damage”, the NGO noted.


“Israel is indifferent to the killing of Palestinians”, B’Tselem concluded. “Otherwise, it would long ago have changed its open-fire policy and stopped shooting at unarmed protesters on the other side of the fence who pose no danger to anyone”.

In addition, the military’s “whitewashing apparatus…almost always ensure no one will be held accountable for the killing of Palestinians” – “even in outrageous circumstances” like Razan’s killing.

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NGO urges Netanyahu to lift Kerem Shalom Crossing “sanctions” immediately

Israeli human rights NGO Gisha has urged Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman to “rescind the severe restrictions on the entrance of goods and the sweeping prohibition on exit of goods via the Kerem Shalom Crossing to the Gaza Strip”.

The letter, sent on 15 July before a further, temporary ban on the entry of fuel was announced Tuesday, “also calls for all sanctions imposed on the civilian population of the Gaza Strip to be formally published in order to allow public debate on the matter”, states Gisha’s press release.

READ: Israel closes sole commercial crossing with Gaza

Damage to farmland caused by incendiary kites and balloons “cannot justify the closure of the main commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip”, the letter states. “Kerem Shalom serves the entire population of Gaza, including children, the elderly and the sick, a total of some two million people, and has no substitute”.

“Merchants and farmers who received unexpected notice about the immediate closure of the crossing have suffered tremendously, in ways that may be irreversible”, the letter continues, noting that “the restrictions on shipping goods outside the Gaza Strip will cause severe damage to factories and businesses, and lead to loss of livelihoods”.

READ: Israeli NGO slams tightened Gaza blockade as ‘immoral and illegal’

The letter affirms that the measures taken by the Israeli authorities constitute illegal collective punishment, which “both Israeli and international law categorically and unequivocally prohibit[s]”.

“We urge you to lift the restrictions imposed on the movement of goods immediately and to avoid further measures”, the letter concludes.

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Iran says if Trump wants to negotiate, he should call

Iran said yesterday that if US President Donald Trump wants to negotiate after withdrawing from the international nuclear agreement to curb Tehran’s nuclear activities he should initiate the call.

A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry Bahram Qassemi said Monday that Trump said last week that after the United States increases sanctions on Iran “at a certain point they’re going to call me and say ‘let’s make a deal,’ and we’ll make a deal”. However, Qassemi said that “maybe one day he will call Tehran and ask for negotiations. This is more likely”.

READ: Mnuchin says US to consider waivers on Iran sanctions

The top Iranian leadership rejects talks with the United States.

Other signatories of the 2015 deal, Germany, Britain, France, Russia, China and the EU have been negotiating with Iran on how to preserve the agreement without Washington.

Nuclear Deal: Israel is behind it - Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

Nuclear Deal: Israel is behind it – Cartoon [Sabaaneh/MiddleEastMonitor]

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Currencies, Stocks and Bonds await Fed Powell’s Testimony

Tuesday July 17: Five things the markets are talking about

Corporate earnings and monetary policy is expected to be the main driver of market sentiment this week- it’s currently giving a ‘temporary’ break to trade relation tensions amongst G7 economies.

Global equities have drifted lower overnight on mixed earnings, while capital markets await the latest clues on U.S monetary policy.

Today’s focus will be on new Fed chair Jerome Powell’s first testimony before the Senate Banking Committee, where he is expected to give further clues on how fast the Fed is likely to keep pushing U.S interest rates higher. His prepared remarks may ‘not’ be too hawkish, but keep an eye on his Q & A session.

Note: Futures prices are currently pricing in a +62% probability that U.S rates will rise at least twice more this year.

Elsewhere, U.S Treasuries prices continue to slip along with the ‘big’ the dollar and crude oil prices.

1. Stocks mixed results

In Japan, the Nikkei share average rallied to a one-month high overnight as a weak yen (¥112.36) lifted exporters, offsetting weakness in machinery stocks after data showed China’s growth momentum cooling a tad. The Nikkei ended up +0.4%, the highest closing level since mid-June, while the broader Topix advanced +0.9%.

Note: Japanese markets reopened after a three-day weekend due to a national holiday yesterday.

Down-under, Aussie and S. Korean shares fell earlier this morning, as an overnight slump in oil prices and weaker commodities hurt domestic energy and mining stocks. Following Monday’s decline of -0.4%, the S&P/ASX 200 index fell -0.6% at the close of trade, while in S. Korea, the Kospi lost -0.18%.

In Hong Kong and China, same story, equities ended lower overnight, dragged by energy firms following a sharp decline in crude oil prices. The Hang Seng index fell -1.3%, while the China Enterprises Index lost -1.1%. In Shanghai, the blue-chip CSI300 index closed -0.7% down, while the Shanghai Composite Index ended -0.6% lower.

In Europe, regional bourses have opened lower and currently trade sideways. The financial sector remains the best performer in muted volatility, while the tech sector underperforms.

U.S stocks are set to open unchanged.

Indices: Stoxx50 -0.2% at 3,446, FTSE +0.1% at 7,608, DAX flat at 12,562, CAC-40 flat at 5,412; IBEX-35 flat at 9,714, FTSE MIB +0.4% at 21,906, SMI -0.4% at 8,812, S&P 500 Futures flat

2. Oil prices fall again on oversupply concerns, gold higher

Oil prices remain under pressure as market worries about possible disruptions to supply eased and as investors focused on potential damage to global growth from the Sino-U.S trade squabble.

Brent crude futures have fallen -32c, or -0.5%, to +$71.52 a barrel – the lowest price since mid-April. Prices fell -4.6% yesterday. U.S West Texas Intermediate futures are down -31c, or -0.5%, at +$67.75 a barrel – it too declined -4.2% on Monday.

Note: market volumes at current levels remains poor, which is expected to lead to further slippage.

China this morning said they remain confident of hitting its economic growth target of around +6.5% this year despite market expectations of facing a tough H2 as a trade row with the U.S intensifies.

Note: On Sunday, China reported slightly slower growth for Q2 and the weakest expansion in factory activity in June in two-years.

Crude supply currently is not a market issue. Along with the Saudi’s surge in production, U.S oil output from seven major shale formations is expected to rise by +143K bpd to a record +7.47M bpd next month, according the EIA’s report on Monday.

Ahead of the U.S open, gold prices have edged a tad higher as the ‘big’ dollar remains on the back foot ahead of U.S. Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s first congressional testimony. Spot gold is up +0.25% at +$1,243.18 an ounce. U.S gold futures for August delivery are up +0.3% at +$1,243.20 an ounce.

3. Yields little changed ahead of Powell’s testimony

Trading in government bonds remains subdued ahead of Fed Chair Powell’s testimony (10:00 am EDT).

Eurozone government bond yields have inched lower by -0.5 to -2 bps, with the market naturally unwilling to push yields any higher before Powell’s Q & A in a few hours.

Yesterday, the U.S two-year yield edged to a new multi-year high above +2.60% – it has been struggling at this rate for the past two-months.

Note: Current futures prices suggest there is nearly a +90% chance discounted in the Fed funds futures strip of a September rate hike and that there is about a +60% chance of a December hike, which would take the Fed fund target to 2.25-2.50%. If true, that would seem to make the two-year yield still relatively low if one expects at least one hike next year and no cut in 2019.

Elsewhere, the yield on U.S 10-year notes advanced less than +1 bps to +2.86%, the highest in more than two-weeks. In Germany, the 10-year Bund yield fell -1 bps to +0.35%, while in the U.K, the 10-year Gilt yield decreased -1 bps to +1.27%, the lowest in more than a week.

4. Cable drifts higher after jobs data

This morning’s U.K labor data in line with market expectations has sent the pound a tad higher. GBP/USD has rallied to £1.3263, up +0.2% on the day, while EUR/GBP has fallen to €0.8847.

Digging deeper, earnings growth ex-bonuses for the three months to June was +2.7% – it’s smaller than the +2.8% in the previous period. The unemployment rate also stayed flat at +4.2%, as expected.

Note: Market consensus does not expect this morning print to change expectations of an interest rate increase in August – currently; futures suggest there is a more than +70% chance of a rate rise in three weeks.

Elsewhere, down-under, NZD (NZ$0.6830) managed to rally aggressively overnight, the most in six-weeks following the RBNZ’s sectorial factor model inflation gauge surging to the highest level in seven years.

5. RBA flags rising trade war risks in meeting minutes

In its July minutes overnight, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) said that downside risks to the global growth outlook increased in June amid rising tensions over trade between the worlds two largest economies.

Board members remain concerned that trade tensions extended beyond the U.S and China and “could escalate through non-tariff measures such as administrative delays,” adding that “escalation of trade tensions could harm global growth by undermining confidence and delaying investment decisions and could dampen international trade.”

They said that while heightened international trade worries had already weighed on global equity prices, as well as on some long-term government bonds and base metal prices, the bank still forecast Australia’s economic growth to “pick up to be a bit above +3% over 2018 and 2019”.

Forex heatmap

Russischer Militärgeheimdienst verwendet Bitcoin: Eine Banalität – oder der Auftakt der Kryptoanarchie?

Einem Bericht des US-Verteidigungsministeriums zufolge hat der russische Geheimdienst die US-Wahl von 2016 durch Hacks und Leaks beeinflusst – und dafür auch Bitcoins verwendet. Was skandalös klingt, ist eigentlich eher banal, unterstreicht aber erneut, dass Bitcoin die Welt bereits verändert hat.

Vor einigen Tagen hat das US-amerikanische Verteidigungsministerium den Bericht des Sonderermittlers Robert Mueller veröffenlicht. Mueller hat untersucht, ob und wie der russische Militärnachrichtendienst Glawnoje Raswedywatelnoje Uprawlenije (GRU) die US-Wahl von 2016 beeinflusst hat, indem er Institutionen der Demokratischen Partei gehackt und Dokumente und Mails geleakt hat.

Für spätere Historiker dürfte Muellers Bericht eine spannende Quelle sein, die das Dämmern eines Zeitalters illustriert, in der Hacks und andere Cyber-Operationen mehr und mehr ein Instrument der Schattenpolitik werden. Der Ermittler erhebt darin Anklage gegen zwölf Agenten des GRU. Sie werden beschuldigt, das Kampagnen-Kommittee des Kongresses der Demokraten (DCCC) sowie das Nationalkommittee der Demokraten (DNC) gehackt, dabei Zehntausende von Dokumenten und privaten Daten gestohlen und diese über verschiedene Webseiten veröffentlicht zu haben.

Die Veröffentlichung dieser Dokumente führte zum Rücktritt mehrerer Politiker der Demokraten, zu wilden Verschwörungstheorien gegen Hillary Clintons Kampagnenleiter John Podesta sowie einem allgemeinen Ansehensverlust der Präsidentschaftskandidatin. Ob tatsächlich der russische Geheimdienst hinter den Hacks steckt, wie von Mueller behauptet, oder nicht, wie die Präsidenten Trump und Putin bereits versichert haben – das, was 2016 im Cyberspace geschah, hat ohne Zweifel die Wahl beeinflusst, die mit der Ernennung von Donald Trump zum 45. Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika endete.

Über Fake-Mails in die Server des Demokratischen Nationalkommittees

Steckt er auch hinter den Hacks von DNC und DCCC? Wladimir Putin, Bild von Global Panorama via Lizenz: Creative Commons

Laut dem Bericht haben die zwölf Mitarbeiter des russischen Militärnachrichtendienstes ab dem Frühjahr 2016 die Demokratische Partei der USA mit einer Vielzahl an Hacking-Methoden angegriffen. So haben sie etwa hunderten von Mitarbeitern und Politikern der Demokraten Fake-Emails gesendet, die angeblich von anderen Abgeordneten oder von Google stammten, aber dazu führten, dass die Opfer des Angriffs ihre Passwörter auf einer Internet-Seite eingegeben haben, die der GRU gehörte. Auf diese Weise konnten sich die Geheimagenten den Zugang zu hunderten von E-Mail-Accounts verschaffen, unter anderem zu dem von John Podesta, dem Leiter von Hillary Clintons Wahlkampfkampagne.

Über diese gekaperten Accounts gelang es den Geheimagenten im April 2016 schließlich, das Computernetzwerk des DCCC zu hacken. Sie haben daraufhin eine Reihe von Malware-Programmen auf verschiedenen Computern installiert, die die Aktivität der Benutzer beobachtet, mit Keyloggern Passwörter abgegriffen und schließlich weitere Accounts infiltriert haben. Über diese Accounts konnten sie sich dann auch Zugang zum Computernetzwerk des DNC verschaffen, wo sie ebenfalls ein Malware-Ensemble installiert haben, um weitere Daten abzugreifen und Accounts zu hacken.

Zwar wurde Ende Mai den Systemadministratoren des DNC und DCCC klar, dass ihre Netzwerke gehackt worden sind. Sie beauftragten eine Sicherheitsfirma, die versuchte, die Eindringlinge aus den Netzwerken zu werfen. Allerdings konnte mindestens eine Malware bis Oktober 2016 im System bleiben, während die Hacker versuchten, ihre Spuren zu verwischen.

Leaks und Propaganda greifen ineinander

In den Computern und Accounts haben die Hacker gezielt nach Dokumenten gesucht, die die Wahl von 2016 betreffen, indem sie etwa Suchwörtern wie “hillary”, “cruz” oder “trump” verwendeten. Sie haben verschiedene Ordner mit Dateien von den Festplatten der Computer kopiert, wofür sie einen verschlüsselten Kanal verwendet haben, der es möglich machte, dass sie über einen längeren Zeitraum unbemerkt große Mengen an Daten gestohlen haben.

John Podesta, Foto von Ralph Alswang,, Geteilt über flickr, Lizenz: Creative Commons

Die gefundenen, für zahlreiche Politiker der Demokraten kompromitierenden Daten, wurden ab Juni 2016 veröffentlicht. Dies geschah zunächst auf einer Webseite namens, die laut eigener Aussage von amerikanischen Hacktivisten angemeldet wurde. Nachdem die vom Kongress beauftragte IT-Sicherheitsfirma jedoch den Verdacht erhob, dass der Kongress von der russischen Regierung angegriffen worden sei, schufen die Geheimagenten das Pseudonym “Guccifer 2.0”, das erklärte, ein einzelner rumänischer Hacker zu sein. Auf dem Blog von Guciffer 2.0 wurden daraufhin eine große Menge weiterer Daten aus den Hacks veröffentlicht.

Weiter haben die Hacker unter diversen Pseudonymen der Enthüllungsplattform WikiLeaks mehr als 2,5 Gigabyte an Daten zugespielt. Diese enthalten unter anderem Zehntausende von E-Mails der DNC-Mitarbeiter, 50.000 Emails von Hillary Clintons Wahlkampfleiter John Podesta und die privaten Daten von mehr als 2000 Bürgern, die an die Demokratische Partei gespendet haben. WikiLeaks veröffentlichte diese Daten im Lauf mehrerer Monate, was dem Ansehen von Hillay Clinton und anderen Politikern der Demokraten massiv schadete (und gleichzeitig zu einer Verschlechterung der Beziehungen der Beziehungen von WikiLeaks zur USA führte, die in Gerüchten vom Tod von Julian Assange gipfelten).

Um ein Beispiel dafür zu nennen, wie die Leaks den Demokraten geschadet haben: Eine der Folgen war eine Verschwörungstheorie namens “Pizzagate”, die über soziale Medien wie Reddit und Twitter verbreitet wurde. Sie interpretierte Mails von John Podesta – und vielleicht auch Hillary Clinton – so, dass diese in einen von einer Pizzeria in Washington aus betriebenen Kinderpornoring verwickelt seien. Die “Pizzagate”-Theorie wurde später als gezielte Verleumdungsaktion eingeordnet, die beinah zu Todesopfern geführt hätte, als ein bewaffneter Mann die Pizzeria angriff. Sie illustriert ganz gut, wie zwei Spielarten der digitalen “Kriegsführung” – Hacks und Propaganda über soziale Medien – ineinandergreifen, um die Demokratie selbst zu attackieren.

Infrastruktur mit Bitcoin bezahlt

Die Hacks des DNC und des DCCC waren komplexe Operationen, die eine umfangreiche digitale Infrastruktur benötigt haben: E-Mail-Accounts, virtuelle Server, Webseiten und mehr. Um die Server aus den verschiedensten Ländern zu bezahlen, hat der russische Nachrichtendienst dem Bericht zufolge rund 95.000 Dollar in Kryptowährungen gewaschen. Zwar haben die Geheimagenten auch Dollar benutzt, doch so gut wie alle Zahlungen, die in irgendeiner Weise in Kontakt mit Hacking standen, wurden mit Bitcoins beglichen. “Indem sie Bitcoins benutzt haben, konnten die Hacker die direkte Verbindung zu traditionellen Finanzinstitutionen vermeiden, wodurch sie sich der genauen Prüfung ihrer Identität und der Herkunft der Gelder entziehen konnten,” schreibt der Bericht. Anders gesagt: Bitcoin leistet das, was er verspricht.

Natürlich war den russischen Agenten klar, dass Bitcoin dabei mitnichten anonym ist. Über die Blockchain können Zahlungsströme hervorragend nachvollzogen werden. Um dies zu verhindern, haben die Agenten hunderte von Accounts und E-Mail-Adressen benutzt, um für die Dienstleistungen zu bezahlen, und versucht, die Geschichte der Bitcoins durch ein Bündel an Transaktionen zu verschleiern. Teilweise haben sie selbst geschürfte Bitcoins verwendet, um für ihre Infrastruktur zu bezahlen, andere Bitcoins wurden auf P2P-Börsen oder durch Prepaid-Karten gekauft und gegen andere Kryptowährungen gewechselt, um die Kette der Transaktionen zu brechen.

Trotz aller Mühe scheint es nicht ganz geklappt zu haben. Dem Bericht zufolge haben die Mitarbeiter des GRU zuweilen E-Mail-Adressen durcheinandergebracht, was schließlich dazu führte, dass die einen Daten – etwa aus dem Hack – mit den anderen – aus Zahlungen – zusammengeführt werden konnten, was schließlich zu der Anklage gegen die russischen Agenten führte. Es wird sicherlich spannend, die Beweisführung des Gerichtsprozesses zu verfolgen.

Womit sollten sie denn sonst bezahlen?

Dass der russische Geheimdienst (angeblich) Bitcoins verwendet, um für Hacks zu bezahlen, ist gleichermaßen spektakulär wie banal. Es ist spektakulär, weil es zeigt, dass Bitcoin längst ein taktisches Instrument der großen Mächte geworden ist, weniger ein Geld für die individuellen Online-Zahler oder die kleinen Drogendealer, sondern ein Geld für die Geheimdienste. Es würde mich wundern, wenn nicht gar enttäuschen, wenn die amerikanischen und europäischen Geheimdienste Bitcoin nicht verwenden würden.

Gleichzeitig ist die Geschichte banal, weil der russische Geheimdienst Bitcoins auf dieselbe Weise verwendet wie jeder andere – er kauft sich damit Domains und Webserver. Diese kann man mit Kryptowährungen mittlerweile bei hunderten von Anbietern bezahlen, und es ist längst alltägliche Normalität, dass dies geschieht. Im Grunde wäre es eher seltsam, wenn die Geheimdienste Bitcoin oder andere Kryptowährungen nicht dafür verwenden würden. Womit sollte man geheime Internet-Operationen denn sonst bezahlen? Etwa mit einer Banküberweisung?

Neben Geheimdiensten verwenden auch Kriminelle, Betrüger, Halbkriminelle, Menschenrechtsaktivisten, Revolutionäre und ganz normale, anständige Bürger Bitcoins und andere Kryptowährungen, um sich Domains oder andere Webdienstleistungen zu kaufen. Denn Kryptowährungen ermöglichen es, dass man im Internet bezahlt, ohne seinen Namen zu nennen, was auch für Menschen ohne kriminellen oder geheimdienstlichen Hintergrund attraktiv ist, da es eine Datenschutzverletzung verhindert, die an sich in jeder Banküberweisung steckt: Die Verbindung von finanziellen Daten mit IP- und E-Mail-Adressen. Im Zuge der Massenüberwachung durch die Internetkonzerne und allem voran die NSA sowie der zunehmenden finanziellen Überwachung stellt dies keine Geheimnistuerei dar, sondern eine Selbstverteidigung der Privatsphäre.

Ohnehin: Eine Chance, all dies wieder aus der Welt zu schaffen, gibt es nicht. Man wird immer bei irgendeiner Firma in irgendeinem Land eine Webseite oder einen virtuellen Server mit Bitcoins bezahlen können. Wenn nicht mit Bitcoin, dann mit einer anderen Kryptowährung. Die Verbindung zwischen Webseiten und Identitäten ist gebrochen. Dies ist eine Realität des 21. Jahrhunderts, und es bleibt nichts anderes übrig, als damit zu leben. Das Zeitalter der Kryptoanarchie, für das Bitcoin vielleicht der Schlüssel ist, könnte bereits begonnen haben.

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Iraq fails to convince Iran to resume power imports

Iraqi Electricity Minister Qassem Al-Fahdawi said yesterday that his country has failed to convince Iran to resume supplying Iraq with electricity.

Last Friday, Al-Fahdawi along with an Iraqi delegation arrived in Tehran where they held talks with Iranian officials to resume supplying Iraq with 1,000 megawatts of electricity, which Tehran cut off about two weeks ago due to the accumulation of debts owed by Baghdad.

Al-Fahdawi explained in a statement received by Anadolu News Agency that his ministry “has put [forward] an alternative plan to importing electricity from Iran”.

READ: Protests in Iraq leave 5 dead, 190 injured

Iraq has been importing electricity from Iran for many years after their power infrastructure was destroyed by decades of war and blockade.

According to figures released by the Iraqi Ministry of Electricity in August, last year the country produces 15,700 megawatts of electricity, however it needs more than 23,000 megawatts of electricity to meet its population needs.

The power outage caused by the Iranian move contributed to fueling violent protests in the southern Iraq provinces which led to at least five people being killed and 190 wounded after security forces fired on protesters.

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Kuwait denies renting its islands to China

Kuwait has officially denied renting its islands to China to carry out economic projects, stressing it “will never do this,” Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper reported on Sunday.

Deputy Kuwaiti Foreign Minister Khalid Al-Jarallah said that the deals reached between the Kuwaiti Emir and China during his visit to Beijing on 7 July has nothing to do with the islands.

READ: Kuwait court jails 2 lawmakers over parliament protest

He denied all the “rumours” promoted on social media, stressing that the deals with China related to Al-Harir City and all of them were economic. “None of them are related to renting the Kuwaiti islands,” he said.

The Kuwaiti official stated that China had allocated a massive amount of money for projects in African and South Asian countries, including Kuwait, noting that China invested about $400 billion in Africa alone.

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DAX subdued on lack of fundamentals

The DAX index has ticked lower in the Tuesday session. Currently, the DAX is at 12,566, up 0.05% on the day. On the release front, there are no major German or eurozone events. In economic news, the eurozone trade surplus slipped to EUR 16.9 billion, short of the estimate of EUR 17.6 billion. This marked the lowest surplus since January 2017.

European equity markets showed little change last week and the DAX continues to trade quietly on Monday. Still, the trading tensions hovering in the air have many investors wondering if this is the calm before the storm. On Tuesday, the Trump administration said it was considering imposing tariffs on some $200 billion in Chinese goods, which would be a significant escalation in the trade war between the two economic giants. China has promised to respond with “firm and forceful measures”, but hasn’t provided any details. With neither side showing any flexibility, the markets could be heading for stormy waters if China retaliates.

Trade policy is not part of the Federal Reserve’s mandate, but Fed policymakers continue to voice concern about the escalating trade war between the U.S and its major trading partners, particularly China. On Friday, Dallas Fed President Robert Kaplan said he would have to downgrade his outlook if the tariff battle continues. Kaplan said that U.S tariffs on steel and aluminum imports had dampened capital expenditures plans and further trade tensions could lead to currency fluctuations and geopolitical instability.


Economic Calendar

Tuesday (July 17)

  • There are no German or eurozone indicators

Wednesday (July 18)

  • 5:00 Eurozone Final CPI. Estimate 2.0%
  • 5:00 Eurozone Final Core CPI. Estimate 1.0%
  • Tentative – German 30-year Bond Auction

*All release times are DST

*Key events are in bold


DAX, Monday, July 17 at 6:50 DST

Previous Close: 12,561 Open: 12,555 Low: 12,521 High: 12,594 Close: 12,566

Israel closes sole commercial crossing with Gaza

Israel announced yesterday evening the full closure of Kerem Shalom Crossing, the only commercial crossing with the Gaza Strip, Israeli media reported.

Israeli news website Ynet News reported that the crossing was closed in response to the continuous flying of kites from Gaza into Israel.

At the same time, Egypt announced temporary closure of the Rafah Crossing, the main terminal for Gaza residents to the world.

Gaza has been under a 12-year Israeli and Egyptian siege and all crossings have been closed completely for years.

READ: Netanyahu: Israel is in an ongoing fight with Gaza

Recently, Israel allowed the entry of some 300 to 400 truckloads of supplies to Gaza through the Kerem Shalom Crossing and since the start of the holy month of Ramadan, 60 days ago, until yesterday Rafah had been opening the Rafah Crossing every day except Fridays and Saturdays.

Last Monday Israeli authorities reduced the number of truckloads entering Gaza to less than 150, as well as reducing the fishing zone from nine to six nautical miles.

Head of the Popular Committee For Breaking the Siege MP Jamal Al-Khodary said that last Monday’s closure of the crossings paralysed the already dilapidated economy in Gaza and led to the closure of a number of factories. Before Monday 500 factories had already been closed.

Al-Khodary said that Israel blocks more than 1,000 Palestinian trucks inside the crossing or in its ports, noting that it collects taxes from them.

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