Dollar Higher as Risk Appetite Vanishes

The US dollar appreciated versus most major pairs on Friday. The Japanese yen outperformed the greenback as a safe haven, but all other major currencies suffered heavy losses during the week. Tense trade developments between China and the US and Friday’s drop in the Turkish lira dragged emerging and developed markets lower as US sanctions were doubled. Geopolitics drowned out most of the impact of economic releases with US inflation hitting a new high and Canadian part time jobs driving a drop in the unemployment rate.

  • Turkish lira fell more than 20 percent in a week
  • US retail sales to remain subdued
  • UK retail sales to show more evidence of solid summer

European Bank Exposure to Turkey Hits EUR

The EUR/USD lost 1.2 percent in the last five days. The single currency is trading at 1.1398, with the pair looking to fall further after breaking through the 1.14 barrier. The economic calendar does not feature major events in Europe and with current geopolitical tension the single currency remains vulnerable against the safe haven dollar.



US inflation is 2.94 percent, and with core inflation is back to 2008 levels at 2.4 percent the case for two more rate hikes by the U.S. Federal Reserve this year remains strong. The monetary policy divergence between the European Central Bank (ECB) and the U.S. Federal Reserve has been a factor, but remains in the background as geopolitical forces have proven to have a bigger impact in 2018.

Italian, Spanish and French banks are reported to have loans worth $150 billion in Turkey. The falling Turkish lira will make those loans denominated in foreign currency harder to repay which is why the EUR has touched record lows on Friday. The European stock market has already witnessed a sell off of financial institutions.

Turkey President Erdogan was defiant and called for the population to defend the currency by selling their US dollars and gold holdings instead of trying to open a dialogue with the US regarding steel tariffs.

Loonie Grounded Despite Strong Jobs Report

The USD/CAD gained 0.77 percent during the week. The Canadian dollar is lower on Friday. The USD/CAD is trading at 1.3145. Statistics Canada released a stronger than expected employment report with a huge gain of 54,100 jobs driving the unemployment rate down to 5.8 percent in July. The loonie failed to gain momentum from that economic indicator release given the current geopolitical climate.


Canadian dollar weekly graph August 6, 2018

A flight to safety from investors has given a boost to traditional safe havens like the JPY, CHF, USD and gold. The Turkish lira has been in free fall and has triggered contagion fears as Spain, Italy and France have high exposures.

The strong jobs report adds to the probability the Bank of Canada (BoC) will hike the benchmark interest rate one more time in 2018. The BoC raised its overnight target rate to 1.50 percent on July 11 with the growth of the economy picking up for a follow up rate hike in October.

The Canadian currency was lifted by the solid jobs report, but not enough to send the loonie into the black on Friday. The indicator comes during a tense trading environment where risk appetite is subdued. 

Pound Lower on Brexit Despite Strong GDP Numbers

The GBP/USD lost 1.64 percent in the last five days. The currency pair is trading at 1.2755 near a one year low after no deal Brexit probabilities rose. The divorce negotiations between the UK and the EU have been short on positives with an 8 month period to sort out a lot of tough negotiations.



The market has priced in the scenario of the UK exiting the single market with no trade deal in place. The ball is back on the government of Theresa May to come up with a package that not only satisfies supporters at home, but more importantly is acceptable for the EU. So far that balancing act has not been achieved and has put the leadership of Theresa May into question with an almost imminent vote of confidence in the near term.

The decision of the Bank of England (BoE) to lift rates last week was unanimous, but it could end up being the only pro-active decision by the central bank in 2018 as it heads into reactive territory.

Yen Keeps Up With Dollar in Turbulent Times

The USD/JPY lost 0.51 percent during the last five trading sessions. The currency pair is trading at 110.59. The Japanese currency has appreciated but it has done so less than other times of uncertainty in the market. The use of economic sanctions by the Trump administration was a recurring theme this week causing high volatility in emerging markets.



The JPY continues to trade in a tight range despite the global uncertainty but the safe haven appeal of the currency has set it apart from other Asian currencies that have depreciated as trade war concerns rise.

Market events to watch this week:

Tuesday, August 14
4:30am GBP Average Earnings Index 3m/y
9:30pm AUD Wage Price Index q/q
Wednesday, August 15
4:30am GBP CPI y/y
8:30am USD Core Retail Sales m/m
8:30am USD Retail Sales m/m
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
9:30pm AUD Employment Change
Thursday, August 16
4:30am GBP Retail Sales m/m
8:30am USD Building Permits
7:30pm AUD RBA Gov Lowe Speaks
Friday, August 17
8:30am CAD CPI m/m

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Lower on Contagion Fears

Canadian Jobs Impress but Loonie Lower on Global Contagion Fears

The Canadian dollar is lower on Friday. The USD/CAD is trading at 1.3083. Statistics Canada released a stronger than expected employment report with a huge gain of 54,100 jobs driving the unemployment rate down to 5.8 percent in July. The loonie failed to gain momentum from that economic indicator release given the current geopolitical climate.

A flight to safety from investors has given a boost to traditional safe havens like the JPY, CHF, USD and gold. The Turkish lira has been in free fall and has triggered contagion fears as Spain, Italy and France have high exposures.


usdcad Canadian dollar graph, August 10, 2018

The strong jobs report adds to the probability the Bank of Canada (BoC) will hike the benchmark interest rate one more time in 2018. The BoC raised its overnight target rate to 1.50 percent on July 11 with the growth of the economy picking up for a follow up rate hike in October.

The Canadian currency was lifted by the solid jobs report, but not enough to send the loonie into the black on Friday. The indicator comes during a tense trading environment where risk appetite is subdued.

US Dollar Takes NFP Hit But Ends Up Higher on the Week

The US dollar fell on Friday after the U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) came in below expectations with only a gain of 157,000 but otherwise the unemployment rate dropped to 3.9 percent and wage growth remained unchanged at 0.3 percent. The greenback is still higher against most majors on a weekly basis. The past five trading days featured central banks and influential economic indicators, but the guiding factor remains the trade tensions between China and the United States. On Friday China announced its preparing new tariffs on $60 billion US goods as retaliation on the ongoing trade spat. The week that kicks off on August 6 will be more subdued from the economic calendar with the central banks of Australia and New Zealand publishing their officials rates. The UK’s gross domestic product, Canadian jobs data and US inflation will wrap up the week on Friday, August 10.

  • RBA and RBNZ expected to keep rates unchanged
  • UK quarterly GDP forecasted to gain 0.4 percent
  • US inflation advancing at 0.2 percent

Dollar Rises Guided by Geopolitics

The EUR/USD lost 0.61 percent in the last five days. The single currency is trading at 1.1582 after the EUR rose 0.10 percent on Friday but is far from recouping the gains of the USD during the week. The euro rose on a tight rangebound session despite overcoming weak retail sales and was helped by the lower than expected jobs report. The currency pair was mostly guided by geopolitics and the U.S. Federal Reserve meeting on Wednesday. Trade tensions have escalated on the US-China front with the US central bank staying put on rates, but giving an optimistic view on the economy.



The US central bank is expected to continue with its plans to lift interest rates two more times in 2018. The jobs report brought less jobs than expected but still managed to add enough jobs to bring the unemployment rate down to 3.9 percent. There are concerns that the employment numbers will take a hit as trade war decisions trickle down but for now the outlook for American jobs is solid.

Inflation pressures remains low as despite a lower unemployment and high participation rate wages have not caught up to other costs. Labour shortages have not been widespread enough to trigger an above inflation rise in pay.

The positive employment data and the impressive growth of the economy in the second quarter validate the Fed’s decision to raise rates twice so far in 2018 and to continue on the path for two more rate hikes. The CME FedWatch tool shows a 93.6 percent of a chance of a hike in September 26.

The week of August 6 to August 10 will not bring the same economic calendar fireworks compared to the first week of the month. The highlights will be the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) and the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) with rate announcements that will likely end up with no change leaving investors to look for words from central bankers and monetary policy language for guidance.

The consumer price index on Friday will shed more light on inflation in America.

BoE Dovish Hike Sinks Pound

The GBP/USD fell 0.79 percent during the week. Cable is trading at 1.3004 wit the pound rising slightly on Friday. The Bank of England (BoE) hiked its benchmark rate on Super Thursday, but it was the cautionary words of BoE Governor Mark Carney that ultimately took the currency lower. The actions of the central bank were hawkish, by delivering the second rate hikes since the crisis, but Brexit looms over the monetary policy decision as hard Brexit scenarios have increased in probability.



The decision of the Bank of England (BoE) was unanimous, but given the fragile state of Prime Minister May’s leadership as she heads into the final 8 months of Brexit negotiations, it could end up being the only pro-active decision by the central bank in 2018 as it heads into reactive territory.

Loonie Higher on Strong Data and NAFTA Hope

The USD/CAD lost 0.58 percent during the week. The currency pair is trading at 1.2983 after strong Canadian trade data added more arguments for a Bank of Canada (BoC) rate hike. Canada’s deficit shrunk to $626 million in June. The monthly GDP numbers released on Tuesday by beating estimates with a 0.5 percent gain.


Canadian dollar weekly graph July 30, 2018

The Bank of Canada (BoC) lifted interest rates by 25 basis points on July 11 and a strong GDP report and a narrower trade deficit the probability of a follow up in 2018 has risen. Bank of Nova Scotia is forecasting 2 more rate hikes despite the uncertain outcome on NAFTA. The BoC will try to keep the gap between the Fed funds rate and the Canadian rate as much as the economy will allow. The U.S. Federal Reserve is expected to hike in September and again in December to deliver the promised four interest rate hikes in their path to normalization.

Mexican Peso Rose as US Jobs Missed Expectations

The USD/MXN depreciated on a weekly basis and is trading at 18.5574 on Friday afternoon. The currency pair had a volatile week trading in a tight range. The highest point came as trade fears triggered a flight to safety in which investors bought dollars. The talks on Thursday and Friday between US and Mexican negotiators are keeping NAFTA hope alive and with he soft employment numbers in the US the MXN appreciated.



NAFTA negotiations have advanced in recent weeks as the newly elected Mexican president has been optimistic a quick deal can be reached. Mexican Trade teams are in Washington to talk with the US Trade representative, but the US did not extend an invitation to Canada to join the meetings.

The US team is sticking to the sunset cause and the auto content but there is more willingness to negotiate in bilateral terms, although Mexico has made it clear that it won’t negotiate without Canada being present.

Market events to watch this week:

Tuesday, August 7
12:30am AUD RBA Rate Statement
11:00pm NZD Inflation Expectations q/q
11:05pm AUD RBA Gov Lowe Speaks
Wednesday, August 8
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
5:00pm NZD Official Cash Rate
6:00pm NZD RBNZ Press Conference
Thursday, August 9
8:30am USD PPI m/m
9:30pm AUD RBA Monetary Policy Statement
Friday, August 10
4:30am GBP GDP m/m
4:30am GBP Manufacturing Production m/m
4:30am BP Prelim GDP q/q
8:30am CAD Employment Change
8:30am CAD Unemployment Rate
8:30am USD CPI m/m
8:30am USD Core CPI m/m

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Awaits Jobs Report Amid Trade Uncertainty

The US dollar is higher against major pairs on Thursday in anticipation of a strong U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP). The U.S. Federal Reserve kept rates unchanged on Wednesday and without a press conference there was little guidance for the markets who will have to wait until the minutes from the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting are published in two weeks. Two more rate hikes are forecasted to the Fed funds rate in 2018, but the economic indicators will have to validate them. The U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) will be published on Friday, August 3 at 8:30 am EDT. Investors will be quick to scan the report for the wage growth and unemployment rate components.

  • US expected to add 190,000 jobs
  • US wages could have gained 0.3 percent
  • Unemployment rate in the US to drop to 3.9 percent

Dollar Rises on Safe Haven Flows

The EUR/USD lost 0.62 percent on Thursday. The single currency is trading at 1.1587 as the US dollar rose as investors sought a safe haven as trade tensions once again flared up between the United States and China.The Trump administration proposed a 25 percent tariff on $200 billion Chinese goods with China expected to retaliate.



Friday’s economic data release will be highly focused on US indicators. The employment report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics will be the main attraction but geopolitics will continue to guide the market if trade war concerns do not subside.

The US stock market closed with gains across the board, with the exception of the DJI. Apple became the first company to break above the $1 trillion capitalization. Not unlike Brexit negotiations it is still too early to say what effect the looming trade war between the US and China will have on markets as there is still the possibility that both sides will reach an agreement.

US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said on Thursday that the tariffs are thought through but a compromise is being worked on by the US President. NAFTA negotiations have advanced in recent weeks as the newly elected Mexican president has been optimistic a quick deal can be reached. Mexican Trade teams are in Washington to talk with the US Trade representative, but the US did not extend an invitation to Canada to join the meetings.

Pound Lower Despite BoE Rate Hike

The GBP/USD fell 0.84 percent on August 2. The pound is trading at 1.3015 after a Super Thursday that included a unanimous vote from the Monetary Policy Committee to raise the benchmark interest rate by 25 basis points. The decision to lift rates to 0.75 percent was heavily anticipated by the market. The currency rebounded temporarily on the announcement but quickly dropped as the press conference by BoE governor Mark Carney presented a gradual path in the future.



Governor Carney told the BBC that a rate hike a year was a good rule of thumb but questions remain on the timing of the decision. The EU divorce concerns continue to hang over the UK as Prime Minister Theresa May has not been able to find the perfect compromise between hard and soft Brexit.

The BoE elected to act now based on hard economic data than wait for the unclear outcome of the Brexit negotiations. The deadline is still 8 months away, but there is a lot of issues where not only are the UK and the EU apart, but there is no clear consensus between members of May’s cabinet.

Loonie Falls Ahead of NFP and Trade Disputes

The USD/CAD gained 0.13 percent in the last 24 hours. The currency pair is trading at 1.3026 after the US dollar rose and the loonie failed to get traction from a rebound in oil prices. West Texas Intermediate is trading at $69.54 ahead of US rig data due on Friday.


usdcad Canadian dollar graph, August 2, 2018

####

The Bank of Canada (BoC) lifted interest rates by 25 basis points on July 11 and after a stronger than expected monthly GDP report the probability of a follow up in 2018 has risen. Bank of Nova Scotia is forecasting 2 more rate hikes despite the uncertain outcome on NAFTA. The BoC will try to keep the gap between the Fed funds rate and the Canadian rate as much as the economy will allow. The U.S. Federal Reserve is expected to hike in September and again in December to deliver the promised four interest rate hikes in their path to normalization.

Market events to watch this week:

Friday, August3
4:30am GBP Services PMI
8:30am USD Average Hourly Earnings m/m
8:30am USD Non-Farm Employment Change
8:30am USD Unemployment Rate
10:00am USD ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Higher Ahead of Fed Meeting OANDA Market Beat Podcast

OANDA Senior Market Analyst Alfonso Esparza reviews the major upcoming market news, macro analysis and economic indicator releases that will impact currencies, stocks other asset classes. Joining him this week is OANDA’s Vice President of Research Dean Popplewell

Subscription available on iTunes https://goo.gl/TZEWRW and GooglePlay https://goo.gl/cRBk39. Tune in every Tuesday and don’t miss a beat as we cover the hottest trends impacting the markets in the week ahead. Trading is high risk. Losses can exceed investment.

Dollar Higher After Trump Administration Reopens Talks with China

The US dollar rose on Tuesday after American inflation data was in line with expectations and consumer confidence came out higher than forecasted. The U.S. Federal Reserve wraps up its two day Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting on Wednesday at 2:00 pm EDT. The market is not anticipating a major change from the language on the rate statement or the interest rate itself. The September Fed meeting has been priced in for another rate hike as the Fed continues its path toward monetary policy normalization. The private payrolls report from the ADP is expected to show a gain of more than 180,000 jobs and serve as the preamble to the biggest indicator release in the market the U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) due on Friday.

  • ADP forecasted to add 186,000 jobs
  • Fed to hold interest rates unchanged
  • Central bank week continues with the BoE on Thursday

Dollar Rebounds Ahead of FOMC
The EUR/USD fell on Tuesday. The single currency is trading at 1.1689 after breaking above the 1.17 price level on positive European indicator releases during the European session. The USD started gaining traction with the release of inflation data and higher consumer confidence numbers but it was the reports that the US and China are trying to meet to discuss trade that boosted the currency. Private conversation are said to be ongoing with a goal of having ministerial meetings that have been on hold since the trade war rhetoric escalated.



The U.S. Federal Reserve is not expected to modify its monetary policy on Wednesday and without a press conference the focus will be on the language changes in the statement. The Fed has already hiked twice in 2018 and policy members have talked about two more interest rates lift if the economy continues on its current growth path. President Trump has already commented that he is not a fan of the Fed’s decision to keep driving interest rates higher. Chair Powell has so far avoided commenting outside of the central bank’s mandate and this week there won’t be a chance for the financial press to seek his opinion on the matter of the Fed’s independence.

Bank of Japan (BOJ) Underwhelms Sends Yen Lower

The USD/JPY rose on Tuesday after the Bank of Japan (BOJ) kept most of its monetary policy intact, but will allow a wider band on its bond yields as well as the use of forward guidance. BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said that rates will remain low for an extended period of time. The central bank remains committed to a lofty 2 percent inflation target and has not reached it despite a massive QE program that has been going on for 5 years. Mr Kuroda closed the door to speculation that the BOJ would exit QE.



Investors were underwhelmed by the BOJ’s decision with the currency pair climbing to 111.87 on its way to break the 112 price level. All eyes will be on the U.S. Federal Reserve and its statement on Wednesday. The Fed will follow the BOJ in this busy week with little changes expected, but in current market conditions small tweaks could have big consequences for currencies.

Strong GDP Boosts Canadian Dollar

The Canadian dollar appreciated versus the US on Tuesday after the stronger than expected monthly GDP report. The Canadian economy expanded at a 0.5 percent rate in May versus the anticipated 0.3 percent. The higher annual pace of growth came in at 2.6 percent and has increased the possibility of another rate hike this year, appreciating the loonie versus the greenback on the North American trading session. Oil prices fell below $70 as the US dollar recovered with the announcement of new trade talks between the US and China.



The US dollar staged a comeback after the announcement of lower trade tension between China and the United States. The currency pair touched a session low of 1.3010 at 8:30 am, but is now back at 1.3016 after sources indicated that US Treasury officials and China Vice Premier representatives intend to meet.

The NAFTA and EU-US trade conversations both had positive sound bites this week. Incoming Mexican President was eager for a quick NAFTA renegotiation and he was echoed by the Trump administration. Canada and Mexico made sure to be clear that a trilateral negotiation is needed as the US has been pushing for two bilateral sit downs.

Yesterday US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said that NAFTA talks are close to a deal, specially with Mexico. The latest strategy by the US has been to move faster on talks with its southern neighbour with a new incoming government. Mexico and the US will hold ministerial talks on Thursday in Washington. Canadian officials tried to be part of the meeting but were rejected by the US.

Market events to watch this week:

Wednesday, August1
4:30am GBP Manufacturing PMI
8:15am USD ADP Non-Farm Employment Change
10:00am USD ISM Manufacturing PMI
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
2:00pm USD FOMC Statement
2:00pmUSD Federal Funds Rate
Thursday, August2
4:30am GBP Construction PMI
7:00am GBP BOE Inflation Report
7:00am GBP MPC Official Bank Rate Votes
7:00am GBP Monetary Policy Summary
7:00am GBP Official Bank Rate
7:30am GBP BOE Gov Carney Speaks
Friday, August3
4:30am GBP Services PMI
8:30am USD Average Hourly Earnings m/m
8:30am USD Non-Farm Employment Change
8:30am USD Unemployment Rate
10:00am USD ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Mixed Ahead of Busy Week in the Market

The US dollar is mixed on Friday against major pairs. The US economy grew at a 4.1 percent pace on the second quarter according to the first estimate. The number came in right on the forecast which had no positive effect for the USD, but it did validate the U.S. Federal Reserve decision to keep a tighter monetary policy with two more rate hikes in the horizon this year. The week from July 30 to August 30 will be full to the brim featuring monetary policy announcement from the Bank of Japan (BOJ) the Fed, the Bank of England (BoE) and the release of jobs data in the United States.

  • US Fed forecasted to stand pat on Wednesday
  • Bank of England (BoE) expected to hike by 25 bps
  • US could have added close to 200,000 jobs in July

EUR Falls on Dovish ECB and Political Tension

The EUR/USD lost 0.51 percent in the past five days. The single currency is trading at 1.1659 after the European Central Bank (ECB) did not provide any additional information at the end of its monetary policy meeting in July. The statement was almost a word for word recreation of the June document offering no insights for investors on when the central bank is willing to start lifting rates. The growing gap between US interest rates and European rates and an impressive growth rate in the second quarter in America gave the edge to the US dollar.



US President Trump said on Friday that the US will beat the current pace of growth going forward. The strong fundamental data will be vital for Republicans as they face midterm elections in the fall. Politics in Europe continue to add uncertainty as Italy’s Five Star founder once again is seeking a referendum on euro membership.

The U.S. Federal Reserve is not expected to announce any changes on Wednesday when it wrap up its August meeting. The next rate move is expected in September, which a more than 90 percent probability of a hike if inflation and growth continue in their current trends.

Loonie Rises on NAFTA Optimism

The USD/CAD lost 0.64 percent in the last week. The currency pair is trading at 1.3058 in a week that saw trade war concerns ease. The NAFTA and EU-US trade conversation both had positive sound bites this week. Incoming Mexican President was eager for a quick NAFTA renegotiation and he was echoed by the Trump administration. Canada and Mexico made sure to be clear that a trilateral negotiation is needed as the US has been pushing for two bilateral sit downs.


Canadian dollar weekly graph July 23, 2018

The loonie reached its higher level in six weeks on Wednesday amidst rising oil prices despite multiple evidence of ample supply. Disruptions in Saudi Arabia and the ongoing uncertainty with Iranian crude continue to push prices higher.

The main Canadian economic events during the week will be the release of the monthly GDP report on Tuesday and the Trade balance on Friday.

Yen Higher Ahead of Bank of Japan

The USD/JPY lost 0.43 percent in the last five trading sessions. The currency pair is trading at 110.95 ahead of the July 31 Bank of Japan (BOJ) policy meeting. The central bank has remained on the sidelines for most of the year and its most active contribution was to remove inflation targeting in April. The BOJ has in place an easing monetary policy that includes bond buying to keep 10 year bond yields under control.



There is a possibility that the BoJ will change the extreme form of its QE program on Tuesday, but it remains small given the lack of strong economic indicators out of Japan. Inflation continues to struggle and the economy contracted in the first quarter of 2018 so at this point it remains unlikely that the Bank of Japan would join the group of central banks who are scaling back their quantitive easing efforts.

GBP Awaiting BoE Rate Hike

The GBP/USD lost 0.08 percent during the week. The currency pair is trading at 1.3116 amid political tension due to Brexit with three consecutive weekly losses. The Brexit deal that was presented to the EU, a hard fought battle for Prime Minister Theresa May and for which hard core Brexiteers resigned, was knocked back by EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier. Key elements were rejected outright, even both parties still cling to an October deal.



The GBP lost despite heavy anticipation of a rate hike by the Bank of England (BoE) on super Thursday. The market is pricing in a 81 percent probability of a 25 basis points rate lift to 0.75 percent. Last meeting there were three dissenters that opposed holding rates. Despite a higher interest rate the comments from Bank of England Governor Mark Carney will be in focus as he could add a dovish tone as political uncertainty will surely make the job of protecting the UK economy harder.

Market events to watch this week:

Tuesday, July 31
10:00am USD CB Consumer Confidence
Wednesday, August1
4:30am GBP Manufacturing PMI
8:15am USD ADP Non-Farm Employment Change
10:00am USD ISM Manufacturing PMI
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
2:00pm USD FOMC Statement
2:00pmUSD Federal Funds Rate
Thursday, August2
4:30am GBP Construction PMI
7:00am GBP BOE Inflation Report
7:00am GBP MPC Official Bank Rate Votes
7:00am GBP Monetary Policy Summary
7:00am GBP Official Bank Rate
7:30am GBP BOE Gov Carney Speaks
Friday, August3
4:30am GBP Services PMI
8:30am USD Average Hourly Earnings m/m
8:30am USD Non-Farm Employment Change
8:30am USD Unemployment Rate
10:00am USD ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Rebounds in Anticipation of Q2 GDP Release

The US dollar is higher across the board against major pairs on Thursday. The first estimate of second quarter gross domestic product (GDP) in the US will be published on Friday, July 27 at 8:30 am EDT by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The dollar gained ground on the euro after the European Central Bank (ECB) held interest rates unchanged as expected but said rates would be steady a year from now. The first release of GDP data for the second quarter is released 30 days after the end of the quarter with economists and analysts expecting it to be one of the best quarters in recent years. How good will the final number be has been the subject of commentary from President Trump and other members of his administration while some forecasters are lowering their estimates after a disappointing durable goods order data point.

  • US 2Q GDP forecasted at 4.1 percent
  • President Trump has told associates GDP is around 4.8 percent
  • Some forecasters have cut their estimates due to recent soft data

EUR Lower as ECB Plays it Safe

The EUR/USD lost 0.57 percent on Thursday. The single currency is trading at 1.1661 after the central bank kept rates and the quantitive easing program unchanged. The July meeting was almost a beat for beat replay of the June meeting, leaving investors with almost no new information. There was no clear guidance on the vague meting of summer of 2019 as the time horizon to lift rates.



The US GDP release will be the main market event of the week as it could come in above 4 percent. There is an open debate between economists on how much did the Trump tax cuts influenced the positive momentum. The U.S. Federal Reserve is scheduled to meet for two days next week. There are no expectations of a rate lift, but the data has so far validated the two rate hikes and more to come.

The meeting between Donald Trump and Jean-Claud Juncker was a win for the USD as it seemed Europe had conceded to American demands even if the goal is to reach zero tariffs. With trade tensions easing the market turned to monetary policy and growth divergence ahead of the Q2 GDP release on Friday morning.

The USD will face a serious challenges in August. Central banks are expected to close the monetary policy gap and retaliations from China on trade could end up hurting the American economy in the long term. Politics will also add some uncertainty to the US dollar as midterm elections approach with a forecasted Democratic win that change the power dynamics in Washington.

Brexit Fears Overpower BoE Rate Hike Expectation

The GBP/USD lost 0.59 percent on Thursday. The currency pair is trading at 1.3110 as the USD rebounded from yesterday’s losses. The Bank of England (BoE) is heavily anticipated to lift rates next week after the last monetary policy committee had three members who dissented from holding rates. Investors are pricing in a 81 probability of higher interest rates on Thursday but the divorce between the United Kingdom and Europe put more pressure on sterling.



The lack of an unified front within the Conservative party on which Brexit to pursue has left Prime Minister Theresa May with just eight months to figure out a lot of issues. The GBP has fallen as more uncertainty grips investors hopes of a comprehensive trade deal that keeps the UK as a participant of the single market.

Loonie Lower Despite NAFTA Optimism

The USD/CAD gained 0.20 percent in the last 24 hours. The currency pari is trading at 1.3072 ahead of the release of the second quarter GDP data in the US. The pair almost touched 1.32 at the at the beginning of the week, but a rebound from the loonie took the currency to near 1.3050. The optimism surrounding the NAFTA renegotiation was behind most of the move with the Canadian currency touching a six week high. The meeting between US President Trump and EU Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker had a positive outcome although it was scarce on details and did not directly address the tariffs on steel and aluminum that will remain in place.



The change in leadership in Mexico gave the locked NAFTA negotiations a chance for a fresh start. The comments from advisors to elected-president Andres Manuel Lopez Abrador have been pro-NAFTA and the Trump administration came out in support of a quick resolution. It is unclear if the US is willing to drop the two more contentious issues it has pushed on the table, the sunset clause and the higher American percentage of US parts on autos. U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer has said that the negotiation is in its finishing stages, but so far the biggest issues remain up in the air.

Market events to watch this week:

Friday, July 27
8:30am USD Advance GDP q/q

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Rally Ends With Trump Monetary Policy and Currency War Comments

The USD fell against major pairs on Friday after US President Donald Trump tweeted that China and the EU manipulate their currency. Trade war escalation has reached a second phase at a time when American politics are having an identity crisis with the ongoing Russian interference during the 2016 elections. Steven Mnuchin will head to Buenos Aires to take part in the finance ministers G20 meeting with trade and monetary policies sure to be a topic of discussion. The European Central Bank (ECB) will announce its main refinancing rate on Thursday, July 26 at 7:45 am EDT with little expectations of a change. ECB President Mario Draghi will host a press conference at 8:30 am EDT with the market focused on his comments for insights into the monetary policy of the central bank.

  • US President worried about Fed’s monetary policy triggers currency war
  • European Central Bank meeting anticipated to be a quiet affair
  • Canadian inflation and retail sales beat expectations

EUR Rises Ahead of ECB as Currency War Concerns Rise

The EUR/USD gained 0.28 percent in the last week. The single currency is trading at 1.1717 after a volatile week is over. The EUR rose 0.73 percent on Friday as Trump’s comments on currency manipulation hit the newswires. The US dollar had fallen on Thursday after President Trump criticized the U.S. Federal Reserve for raising rates and eroding the competitiveness of American products.



In an interview with CNBC the US President said he was not thrilled with the path of interest rates, although he did mention that he would let them do what they feel is best. Earlier in the week Fed Chair Powell testified before the Senate Banking Committee and the House Financial Services Committee side-stepping any comments on trade spats.

The U.S. Federal Reserve has hiked two times already in 2018 leaving the benchmark rate at 175 to 200 basis points. The CME FedWatch tool shows a 86.9 percent chance of a September rate hike and 53.9 percent of a follow up in December. Both sets of probabilities where higher on Wednesday before Trump’s comments were released.

The economic calendar will not feature a large number of North American indicators with the main standout being the release of the first estimate of the US GDP data on Friday, July 27. Analysts forecast a rise of 4.1 percent and could serve as an antidote to Trump’s tweets. The European Central Bank (ECB) will feature on Thursday, but there is little expectation that new guidance will be provided after the June monetary policy meeting.

Loonie Higher on Strong Retail Sales and Inflation Data

The Canadian dollar rose on Friday after the release of retail sales and inflation data. The USD/CAD DROPPED 0.05 percent on a weekly basis. The currency pair is trading at 1.3146 after Canadian retail sales surprised with a 2 percent rise to a seven month high boosted by auto and gasoline sales on Friday. Inflation rose 2.5 on an annual basis in June also impacted by higher gasoline prices. The economic indicators validate the decision of the Bank of Canada (BoC) earlier this month to hike rates by 25 basis points and could further pressure the central bank to lift rates higher despite growing geopolitical headwinds.


Canadian dollar weekly graph July 16, 2018

The US dollar has been on a downward trend since President Trump issued some sharp criticism on the U.S. Federal Reserve monetary policy. The comments took the market by surprise as talking about the currency is not usually the job of the President, but rather the Treasury Secretary. The statements will most likely be discussed as the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires kicks off.

The US President continued to tweet about the unfair strength of the greenback which responded by falling more than 1 percent against the Canadian dollar.

Oil prices recovered from losses earlier in the week but West Texas Intermediate will finish below $70 after concerns about the increase in supply outstripping rising demand.

The GBP/USD dropped 0.76 percent in the last five days. The currency pari is trading at 1.3133 with political headwinds keeping the pound under pressure. The confusing Brexit strategy from the UK government could end up costing Prime Minister May her job as she scrambles to call an early summer recess to avoid challenge to her leadership.



The Bank of England (BoE) held rates unchanged in June, but there were three dissenters. The economic data could support an August rate hike by the central bank, but the question now is will MPC vote for higher rates holding to its mandate, but with a high possibility that Brexit negotiations once again threaten the growth of the UK economy and the reverse action is needed. The market still believes in an August rate hike, but the GBP will continue under pressure from political uncertainty at home and abroad.

Market events to watch this week:

Tuesday, July 24
9:30pm AUD CPI q/q
Wednesday, July 25
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
Thursday, July 26
7:45am EUR Main Refinancing Rate
8:30am EUR ECB Press Conference
8:30am USD Core Durable Goods Orders m/m
Friday, July 27
8:30am USD Advance GDP q/q

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Canada: Inflation Hit Six-Year-Plus High

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 2.5% on a year-over-year basis in June, following a 2.2% increase in May. This is the largest year-over-year increase in the CPI since February 2012.

This month’s year-over-year CPI increase follows a year of gradual acceleration in consumer price inflation, from a recent low of 1.0% year over year in June 2017. This trend reflects increases in prices for gasoline and food purchased from restaurants, as well as offsetting factors such as lower price inflation for electricity and telephone services. These movements coincide with recent improvements in the economy and the labour market, as well as an increase in oil prices.

Component highlights

Seven of eight major components rose year over year. The transportation index (+6.6%) was the largest contributor to the year-over-year increase, while the household operations, furnishings and equipment index (-0.1%) was the lone major component to decline.

Energy costs were 12.4% higher compared with June 2017, after increasing 11.6% year over year in May. Year-over-year gains in prices for gasoline (+24.6%) and fuel oil and other fuels (+25.9%) were larger in June than in May, as sustained increases in crude oil prices and exchange rate pressures continued to impact consumer prices. Prices for durable goods rose 0.6% year over year, led by growth in the purchase of passenger vehicles index (+1.8%). This gain is attributable to lower rebates on 2019 model-year vehicles.

Year-over-year gains in the price of services were lower in June (+2.2%) than in May (+2.3%), moderating the growth in the CPI. Prices for telephone services (-8.8%) continued to decline year over year, amid a series of industry-wide price promotions. Consumers paid 8.4% less for travel tours compared with June 2017. The homeowners’ replacement cost index increased less on a year-over-year basis in June (+1.4%) than in May (+2.0%).

Regional highlights

Prices rose more in six provinces in June on a year-over-year basis compared with the previous month. This growth was strongest in Prince Edward Island, where prices increased 2.9%.

The CPI in Newfoundland and Labrador rose 2.3% in June. Gasoline prices were up 16.5% in the 12 months to June after increasing 5.5% the previous month.

Seasonally adjusted monthly Consumer Price Index

On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI rose 0.1% in June, matching the increase in May. Six of eight major components increased, while the household operations, furnishings and equipment index (-0.3%) and the recreation, education and reading index (-0.6%) both declined.

StatsCanada