Week Ahead – Dollar Slows Down After US Jobs Miss

The US dollar was mixed Friday. The greenback advanced against the commodity currencies (CAD, AUD AND NZD) edging higher against the CHF, but was lower agains the JPY and the EUR. The GBP deserves a special mention as positive Brexit rumours pushed it 0.61 percent higher against the USD. The American currency lost momentum as the U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) headline jobs number disappointed with a 130,000 added positions, instead of the forecasted 188,000.

The USD was boosted by solid fundamentals that keep pricing in a fourth rate hike in 2018. The Columbus Day holiday in the United States will shorten the trading week. US inflation data points will be the highlights with US PPI on Wednesday October 10, and US CPI on Thursday October 11.

  • UK GDP to slowdown at 0.1 percent
  • US PPI forecasted to bounce back to 0.2%
  • US inflation steady at 0.2 percent

Dollar to Look for Inflationary Clues

The EUR/USD is flat on Friday ahead of the long weekend in the United States. The single currency is trading at 1.1514 awaiting a long weekend and a short trading week. The US currency was supported by Fed member speeches that continue to support a fourth rate hike in 2018.



The Fed raised rates on September 26 by a quarter of a percentage point and barring a sharp decline in economic indicators will do so again in December. The path for the US dollar for the end of the year will be unobstructed, but as 2018 begins to wrap up the strong dollar narrative is raising doubts.

In Europe Italian budget concerns once again rose despite the government conceding to lower budget deficits in 2020 and 2021. The budget concessions also came with lower growth forecasts that pressured the stock market and sent Italian yields higher. The EU is unlikely to accept the budget without further changes, but the political climate could further complicate things.

The EU could be fighting in two fronts. Brexit negotiations are ongoing, and despite some positive signs, are nowhere near an agreement. Opening another front by shooting down the Italian budget could be a replay of the Greek drama in 2010 but at a much larger scale.

Loonie Falls Despite US Jobs Report Miss

The Canadian dollar fell against the US dollar on Friday despite a rebound in Canadian employment numbers and a miss in their American counterparts.

The loonie did advance against the greenback when the NFP report and the Canadian employment numbers were announced but as traders looked ahead to the long weekend they reduced their short US dollar exposures.


Canadian dollar weekly graph October 1, 2018

Canada added 63,300 positions in September driven by part time employment. The gain offset last month’s losses of 54,100 jobs that were also part time positions. The Bank of Canada (BoC) will have another solid datapoint to validate its upcoming monetary policy meeting that is being priced in at 85 percent probability of a rate hike.

The Canadian dollar is on track to end 0.29 percent lower versus the US dollar. Despite the headline jobs miss on the NFP report, the revisions and more importantly the inflation components still support a Fed rate hike in December. The CME’s FedWatch tool shows a 81.7 percent probability, down slightly from 83.3 percent yesterday.

Gold Higher on Dollar Stumble

Gold rose on Friday taking advantage of a miss on the monthly U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) report. The US economy added 130,000 jobs with market forecasts near 200,000 positions added in September.

The yellow metal rose as the market digested the jobs report miss and put the US dollar under pressure.

Gold will hold on to weekly gains but as a long weekend approaches due to the Columbus Day holiday investors will trim their dollar short exposure limiting the upside for commodities.



The weakest US jobs report this year took a toll on the US dollar. The headline miss was only part of the story, wages grew as much as expected and while the lower numbers this month do not raise questions on a December rate lift by the Fed it does affect the intensity of the market focus on next week’s inflation indicators.

Oil Higher until OPEC-Russia Confirm Production Increase

West Texas Intermediate is rising 0.55 percent on Friday, with Brent making a smaller upwards move at 0.05 percent. Question marks about how and when will energy producers increase production to cover the supply fallout from the official start of US sanctions against Iran.

The sanctions start on November 4, but already Iranian exports have fallen given how the US communicated that it would not tolerate any cooperation.

The Trump administration has called out the OPEC for not doing enough to keep crude prices low, but ironically it’s the sanctions imposed by the administration that have put oil prices higher.



On a weekly basis WTI and Brent have advanced ore than 2 percent as US Secretary Rick Perry has taken off the table the option to use the emergency oil reserves to bring prices down.

Reports circulated that Russia and Saudi Arabia are ready to increase oil production, but if they have agreed they said nothing after the OPEC met with major producers on September 23 in Algiers.

Oil prices will continue to fluctuate upwards until there are confirmations that energy producers are ready to offset the lost supply from Iran.

The weekly crude inventories report will be published on Thursday at 11:00 am EDT due to the Columbus Day holiday in the states.

Market events to watch this week:

Wednesday, October 10
4:30am GBP GDP m/m
8:30am USD PPI m/m
Thursday, October 11
7:30am EUR ECB Monetary Policy Meeting Accounts
8:30am USD CPI m/m
11:00am USD Crude Oil Inventories
Friday, October 12
10:00am USD Prelim UoM Consumer Sentiment

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

US Dollar Recovers Ground Ahead of Fed Meeting

The US dollar bounced back on Friday, but could not offset the losses suffered during the week. The greenback was lower against most major pairs at the end of five days. Traders adjusted their positions before the weekend giving some breathing room to the USD.

The U.S. Federal Reserve will host its two-day meeting on Tuesday and Wednesday. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) statement will be published at 2:00 pm EDT followed by a press conference by Fed Chair Jerome Powell at 2:30 pm EDT.

A rate lift by the US central bank is highly anticipated and has been priced in to the dollar putting more focus on the words of the Fed chief.

Euro Appreciates as US Trade War Fears Soften

The EUR/USD surged 1.05 percent this week. The single currency is trading at 1.1743 after a late recovery attempt by the USD on Friday.



The Trump administration unveiled the second round of tariffs against Chinese goods on Monday but as more details came out an all out trade war can still be averted.

Despite the rhetoric market participants are optimistic about a resolution that will not have a negative impact on global growth.

German data and EU inflation will be released this week. German confidence has improved of late and forecasts show that trend will continue but European inflation early results are not expected to have gained traction. The EUR has recovered from political uncertainty earlier in the year, but investors will look at fundamentals for guidance.

Canadian Inflation Lifts Probabilities of an October Rate Hike

The USD/CAD fell 0.92 percent in the last five days. The currency pair is trading at 1.2921 after various phases of NAFTA jitters have helped and pressured the loonie. The Canadian currency gained on a weekly basis against a softening greenback.

US-China trade rhetoric hast lost some traction, and as JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon put it, it’s more like a skirmish than a war.


Canadian dollar weekly graph September 17, 2018

NAFTA optimism remains high, but officials from both sides have begun to trade sound bites as frustrations mount.

US White House Chief Economic Advisor Kevin Hasset said in a TV interview that the US could forge ahead with the Mexico only trade deal. The US has been trying to get Canada to join the quick agreement made with Mexico, but so far the negotiations have not been as smooth.

Canadian Foreign Minister wrapped up her Washington visit on Thursday with the Quebec elections on October 1 an important day if dairy concessions are given as part of the NAFTA renegotiation.

Canadian monthly GDP data will be released on Friday September 28, with a forecast of 0.1 percent. The stronger pace earlier in the year and with inflation above target will pressure the Bank of Canada (BoC) to lift rates in October. Probabilities of a 25 basis points hike are at 88.74 percent.

Oil Ends Week Higher with OPEC Meeting to Provide Guidance

Oil prices rose ahead of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) meeting in Algiers in a week that included supply concerns and pressure from US President Trump to keep prices low.


West Texas Intermediate graph

The production cut agreement by the OPEC and other major producers has been the most important factor in the stabilization of crude prices since the 2014 drop.

Supply disruptions have kept prices in current ranges even as the OPEC and partners such as Russia will be discussing ramping up production.

The biggest disruption to supply this year has come from the reapplication of US sanctions against Iranian exports. Global producers that are part of the supply curb have telegraphed their intentions but weather and geopolitical factors have been offset with global growth and energy demand forecast downgrades.

Weekly US inventories threw another drawdown data point on Wednesday and have kept the black stuff bid. President Trump has used twitter as a macro policy tool and this time his aim fell on the OPEC.

The organization has limited options and will look to Saudi Arabia for leadership as some members have pressured internally to increase production for their own national interests.

This time the US is mixing political and economic factors to force an increase in supply, even though the White House is the one who triggered the latest disruption.

Yellow Metal Loses Shine on Friday Looks Ahead to Fed Rate Hike

Gold was lower on Friday by 0.65 percent, but gains earlier in the week still managed to put it in the black with a 0.19 percent gain.

The safe haven appeal of the yellow metal was lower as US stock markets continued their rally stoked by improving economic data in America.



The Fed’s imminent rate hike is keeping gold close to the $1,200 price level and the Swiss franc is now the de facto refuge for investors.

With a 25 basis points fully priced in from the Fed metal investors will be focusing on the economic projections and any changes in the wording of the statement looking for clues on the rate hike path of the central bank.

Market events to watch this week:

Monday, September 24
4:00am EUR German Ifo Business Climate
Tuesday, September 25
10:00am USD CB Consumer Confidence
9:00pm NZD ANZ Business Confidence
Wednesday, September 26
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
2:00pm USD FOMC Economic Projections
2:00pm USD FOMC Statement
2:00pmUSD Federal Funds Rate
2:30pm USD FOMC Press Conference
5:00pm NZD Official Cash Rate
6:00pm NZD RBNZ Press Conference
Thursday, September 27
8:30am USD Core Durable Goods Orders m/m
8:30amUSD Final GDP q/q
Friday, September 28
4:30am GBP Current Account
8:30am CAD GDP m/m

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

Dollar Regains Ground Ahead of Fed Minutes

Higher US inflation fails to spark dollar revival

The US dollar depreciated across the board versus major pairs despite consumer prices rising more than expected. Inflation anxiety had triggered a sell-off in global stock markets with the Fed expected to ramp up their interest rate hike path yet the dollar did not benefit as higher rates have already been priced in by the market. Fiscal uncertainty driven by political factors continue to confound investors with stock indices rebounding this week and the dollar hitting a 2014 low. The paradox in consumer spending and retail sales continues as Americans remain confident in the economic outlook yet core retail sales remain flat and taking into consideration auto sales they actually dropped by 0.5 percent. The dollar showed some signs of life on Friday as it gained against a basket of major pairs, but not enough to offset the losses earlier in the week.

  • Fed to release minutes of January meeting
  • Kuroda renominated as Governor of Bank of Japan (BOJ)
  • Lower trading activity with start of Chinese New Year celebrations and 3 day weekend in NA

Dollar Recovers on Friday But Still Underwater this Week



The EUR/USD gained 1.62 percent in the last five days. The single currency is trading at 1.2448 with the EUR recovering against the earlier losses versus the USD suffered earlier in the month. US inflation rose more than expected and US treasuries dropped in prices as investors sold them anticipating higher rates this year. Bond yields rose with the 10 year at four year highs (2.93 percent). The correlation between higher yields and a stronger currency is broken at the moment for the USD as the confidence in the stability of the US economy is up for debate. Fundamentals are strong and would point to a higher dollar, but political uncertainty around fiscal stimulus has made it hard to quantify the effects of actual and proposed legislation on the currency. The U.S. Federal Reserve will publish the minutes from its January Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting on Wednesday, February 21 at 2:00 pm EST. The meeting was the last presided by Chair Janet Yellen and is not expected to bring any surprises, but could prepare the market on what to expect in March when Chair Jerome Powell heads his first FOMC.

The USD went through a topsy-turvy week, with Wednesday’s release of consumer price index data providing the most volatility. The market forecasts were slightly improved with a 0.3 percent monthly gain. The employment report in February 2 was the first data point that suggested a stronger inflationary pressure. Stock markets had already suffered two difficult weeks and the dollar rose as the inflation data was released only to quickly give back all gains and end up in the red.

President’s day in the US will give some investors a much needed rest from a high octane trading week. The Lunar New Year celebrations will also affect trading volumes as Hong Kong and China markets will remain closed until Thursday. Stock markets had a positive week after stronger corporate results erased earlier losses.



The USD/JPY lost 2.38 percent during the week. The currency pair is trading at 106.19 as the JPY keeps gaining. The government issued a statement where it was clear there is no need for intervention and the market took it as a sign to keep buying the yen. The tone changed slightly on Friday as the currency kept appreciating and there were some warning that the trade is one sided. The softness of the USD and uncertainty about how the American government will deal with growing twin deficits and political drama has boosted the JPY due to some safe haven flows.

The reappointment of BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda along with other nominations of economist who favour further easing did not factor into Yen pricing in the short term, but should impact the growing gap between rates in Japan and the United States. In the short term, lack of stability in politics and fiscal uncertainty are overriding higher growth and interest rate expectations in the US.



Oil prices advanced during the week. The price of West Texas Intermediate is trading at $61.21 with most of the gains in energy coming from dollar softness. Oil prices suffered losses earlier in the month as higher production in Canada, Brazil and the United States is anticipated given the high prices and producers in those nations not bound to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) production cut agreement. Lack of traction of the US currency is keeping prices above $60.

A small rise in oil rigs in Baker Hughes was not enough to derail energy prices specially with an underlying weak US dollar. The OPEC agreement with other major producers has stabilized oil prices after the freewill caused by overproduction. The question remains if demand for energy has recovered to the point that even after the agreement timeline runs out supply will not once again outweigh demand causing another drop in prices.

Market events to watch this week:

Monday, February 19
7:30pm AUD Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes
Wednesday, February 21
4:30am GBP Average Earnings Index 3m/y
9:15am GBP Inflation Report Hearings
2:00pm USD FOMC Meeting Minutes
Thursday, February 22
4:30am GBP Second Estimate GDP q/q
8:30am CAD Core Retail Sales m/m
11:00am USD Crude Oil Inventories
4:45pm NZD Retail Sales q/q
Friday, February 23
8:30am CAD CPI m/m

*All times EST
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar