OANDA Market Insights podcast (episode 26)

OANDA Senior Market Analyst Craig Erlam and Head of Trading Asia Steve Innes review the week’s business and market news with Jazz FM Business Breakfast presenter Nick Howard.

This week’s big stories: rate hike from the Bank of England, Apple market cap hits $1 trillion, China moves to shore up the yuan, and US job figures (non farm payroll numbers) miss expectations.

Big revisions offset July miss on payrolls

Another strong US jobs report expected today

The PBoC giveth the PBoC taketh

GBP/USD – Pares gains ahead of BoE

The sell-off in GBPUSD (cable) has been losing momentum for a couple of months now, with the pair having stalled around 1.30 despite one attempt to break below a couple of weeks ago, something that now looks like a false breakout.

The move has coincided with a general improvement in sentiment towards the greenback, with the already hot US economy getting an additional fiscal boost from tax reforms, leading to an increase in expectations for rate hikes in the near to medium term.

GBPUSD Weekly Chart

It has also coincided with a slowdown in other countries which has forced their respective central banks to take a more gradual approach to tightening plans, with the Bank of England being one of those to have adopted such an softening in stance.

The dollar has also benefited from its renewed safe haven appeal, with US Treasuries being favoured in trade-related risk averse environments thanks in part to the higher yield that is now on offer.

DAX trading sideways as eurozone inflation within expectations

This pair is not short of potential catalysts this week, with the BoE meeting on Thursday – or Super Thursday as it has now become known – being at the very top of these (Fed rate decision Wednesday and US jobs report on Friday also clearly stand out).

The UK central bank is widely expected to raise interest rates by 25 basis points at the meeting – 87% priced in – the second post-financial crisis rate hike but the first time rates will be above 0.5% which for some time was seen as the lowest they could reasonably go.

BoE Interest Rate Probability

Source – Thomson Reuters Eikon

While the decision to raise interest rates has been met with confusion and even criticism, due to the economy very much not firing on all cylinders and Brexit talks now at a crunch point and likely to be much clearer in only a few months, policy makers have done nothing to correct markets interpretation of events which if anything makes investors even more confident that it will happen.

This comes after policy makers backtracked on a rate hike in May due to the first quarter slow down, despite being confident at the time that it was largely weather related, something recent data has gone some way to confirming.

BoJ new script supports the carry-trade

This determination to raise rates may be one of the things supporting the pound recently but if a hike is so priced in, has sterling peaked? I’m not sure. For one, any progress in Brexit negotiations should be good for the pound. The same applies to the economy, with both providing comfort to the central bank. Something it can’t have much of right now given the sheer amount of uncertainty.

GBPUSD Daily

From a purely technical perspective, the sell-off appears to have potentially run its course. The pair has found support around a notable technical support level – 50 fib from lows to highs, previous support and resistance and a big round number just to complete the hatrick.

What’s more, upon reaching here, momentum had already started to decline and has continued to do so, with the MACD and stochastic making higher lows even as price made lower ones. This divergence, while not being a buy signal, is a sign that all may not be as bearish as it was and that there may be some profit taking or even buying creaping back in (remember, if this is a corrective move, then the recent weakness should prove only temporary and bulls become increasingly interested once again).

The pair may be flat on the day after US inflation, income and spending figures brought some life back to the dollar, but should it find some upward momentum again and break back above 1.32 – and the falling channel – it could be a bullish signal in the near-term.

Busy week in markets gets off to a slow start

Investors encouraged by Trump/Juncker meeting

Equity markets are trading slightly in the red in what has been a slow start to an otherwise very busy week in financial markets.

Stock markets have been gradually rising in recent weeks, making their way back to the record high levels they achieved earlier in the year before the numerous trade conflicts involving the US heated up. The apparent progress made at the White House last week between Donald Trump and Jean-Claude Juncker has eased some concerns for now but the threats generally remain.

Earnings season has delivered a positive distraction for investors, with companies once again reporting stellar quarterly results aided by the obvious benefit of tax cuts. We’ll get results from another 144 S&P 500 companies this week as US corporates look to continue the positive momentum of earnings season so far and potentially propel the index to a new high.

DAX ticks lower, German CPI next

BoE seen raising rates while Fed and BoJ also meet

There’s also a number of central bank meetings this week, the most notable of the lot probably being the Bank of England with investors widely expecting a rate hike, taking the benchmark rate above 0.5% for the first time since early 2009. A rate hike is now 86% priced in which could trigger a lot of volatility if policy makers once again hold off, as they did back in May.

BoE Interest Rate Probability

Source – Thomson Reuters Eikon

The Federal Reserve and Bank of Japan will also hold meetings this week although these events may be less eventful, with neither seen adjusting policy this month. The Fed is also on a very clear tightening path and with the economy performing in line with expectations and the trade conflicts not yet biting, I don’t expect there to be any change in the central bank’s stance.

G7 FX moves look to central banks for direction

There has been speculation that the BoJ may look to slightly remove accommodation by increasing the yield it will allow the 10-year to reach, although I’m not sure that will come this week. Investors appear to be testing the BoJ’s resolve, with the yield having hit its highest level since February last year. Should the central bank reject the speculation, I would expect this to quickly reverse course.

This week also sees the release of the US jobs report which is widely regarded to be the most important economic report of the month and is typically a trigger for market volatility.

Economic Calendar

 

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

OANDA Market Insights podcast (episode 25)

OANDA Senior Market Analyst Craig Erlam reviews the week’s business and market news with Jazz FM Business Breakfast presenter Jonny Hart.

This week’s big stories: US/EU set for tariff deal, US GDP boost, Facebook shares plummet, Brexit blow for May.

Craig also previews the week ahead with interest rate decisions coming from the Bank of England, Federal Reserve and Bank of Japan, as well as the July US jobs report.

USD/JPY – Japanese yen gains ground on strong inflation report

U.S. Economy grew 4.1% rate in Q2

Easing trade fears provide boost ahead of US GDP

Easing Trade Fears Provide Boost Ahead of US GDP

Markets buoyed by easing trade war risks

European markets are trading in the green once again on Friday, with futures pointing to a similar open in the US, as an apparent easing in trade tensions between the US and European Union boosts risk appetite.

While only the outline of an agreement on trade between the two – which account for more than half of global GDP – was released, it was widely viewed as an important first step towards more cooperation and closer ties, and away from protectionism. For Donald Trump, the concessions offered by the EU represent an important victory at home ahead of the midterm elections – although the real benefits of them may not be known for some time.

Juncker on the other hand will be a relieved man, returning to Europe having avoided tariffs being imposed on the auto industry and with apparent assurances both sides will work towards removing those already imposed, while lowering other tariffs and non-trade barriers in the future. This was also ultimately the goal of Trump as well when imposing the tariffs so both will feel they have come out of this better off.

U.S dollar firmer on GDP expectations

Strong week of earnings despite Facebook horror show

Ultimately, the biggest winner here may be investors as the meeting now potentially sets a precedent for how other trade conflicts can be resolved, although the feud with Beijing is more complex and may take much longer to repair. The protectionist measures adopted by Trump as a tool to fight other countries on trade – and then by those countries in retaliation – have weighed on markets since the start of the year, keeping the S&P 500 and Dow off their highs despite companies having reported huge earnings growth – primarily driven by tax cuts – in the first two quarters.

It’s been a big week for earnings season, with a third of S&P 500 and Dow companies reporting on the second quarter. While the general trend has remained, with companies reporting strong figures, it hasn’t passed without its casualties, with Facebook closing almost 20% lower yesterday after reporting disappointing numbers and forecasts. Today is looking a little quieter on the earnings front, although there are still 18 S&P 500 companies reporting, including Exxon Mobil and Twitter.

US GDP eyed as Trump hopes for more than 4%

On the data side, the US will release GDP figures for what is expected to be a bumper second quarter after a modest first few months of the year. The economy is expected to have grown 4.1% on an annualised basis, which will naturally be championed by Trump as being rewards for his hard work. It will be interesting to see how markets react, should the economy outperform expectations, with the Federal Reserve already on course to raise rates twice more this year.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Live FX Market Analysis – 24 July 2018

In this week’s FX webinar, Senior Market Analyst Craig Erlam discusses the latest events that are moving financial markets – Trump attacks the Fed, Brexit plans widely criticized etc – and previews the week ahead.

Craig also gives his live analysis on EURUSD (9:22), GBPUSD (11:48), EURGBP (18:45), AUDUSD (19:34), USDCAD (21:04), GBPCAD (22:14), NZDUSD (23:31), USDJPY (24:38), GBPJPY (27:41) and EURJPY (29:09).

OANDA Market Insights podcast (episode 24)

OANDA Senior Market Analyst Craig Erlam reviews the week’s business and market news with Jazz FM Business Breakfast presenter Jonny Hart.

This week’s big stories: Trump attacks Fed over rate rise, UK inflation figures hit sterling, Barnier dismisses Brexit white paper , Google fined record sum.

USD Weaker After Trump Interest Rate Comments

Canada: Inflation Hit Six-Year-Plus High

Dollar Rally Ends With Trump Monetary Policy and Currency War Comments

 

BoE hike still priced in despite worrying UK data

GBP bounces back after data driven selling

European markets are trading in the red early in the session on Thursday, with the FTSE 100 the only major index in the green, supported by weakness in the pound after the release of some more disappointing data for the UK.

The UK retail sales data this morning may have dealt another major blow to the Bank of England’s hopes of raising interest rates in August, bringing an end to what has likely been a very frustrating week for policy makers. In recent weeks it has appeared that the Monetary Policy Committee had once again come around to the idea that raising interest rates in August is appropriate after plans in May were derailed by a frustratingly weak first quarter, something policy makers appeared to have correctly assumed would prove to be a temporary lull.

The data this week may have thrown another spanner in the works, with labour market figures showing a tight labour market by uninspiring wage growth, core inflation falling below 2% and now modest retail sales growth in what was expected to be a stellar month. This is clearly not the platform policy makers were hoping for when preparing investors for a rate hike but they may still seize the opportunity before it’s taken away from them for a prolonged period.

DAX takes pause from recent gains

Traders still convinced of rate hike despite week of bad releases

There may well be a strong feeling in the MPC that the central bank should have pushed ahead with a hike in May and stood by its belief that weather had a negative but temporary impact on the economy which would have given it the freedom to be patient through the rest of the year. Instead, it now finds itself in a position were the most recent data hasn’t been great and Brexit talks are not progressing as hoped, meaning it would make far more sense to hold off until November, something that would likely result in another backlash against the policy of forward guidance.

UK Interest Rate Probability

Source – Thomson Reuters Eikon

While holding off would make sense, there is clearly a view in the markets that this will not happen and the central bank may stick to plans to hike in two weeks. Despite numerous setbacks this week, a hike is still currently 68% priced in and after initial selling, the pound is showing some resilience and holding above 1.30 against the dollar. It seems traders are awaiting any hint from the BoE that plans have been put on hold again, at which point the resilience will likely break and possibly aggressively.

GBPUSD Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

US earnings, data and Fed speakers eyed

Over in the US, futures are tracking the majority of Europe lower, with the major indices currently seen opening around a tenth of one percent lower. This comes after Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell once again gave an upbeat assessment of the economy on Wednesday, in his appearance in front of the House Financial Services Committee. With the Fed on a quite clear and consistent course on interest rates, there wasn’t a huge amount learned in either appearance that we already didn’t know.

‘Footy’ dented U.K retail sales and pounds sterling

Today it’s looking a little quiet for the US. There are a couple of pieces of data that traders will be looking out for ahead of the open – Philly Fed manufacturing index and jobless claims – and we’ll also hear from Powell’s colleague at the Fed, Randal Quarles. With the season now up and running, there’ll also be a big focus on US earnings with 21 companies reporting including Microsoft and BNY Mellon.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Is BoE Rate Hike in Doubt After Inflation Data?

GBP slides as core inflation falls below BoE target

Focus is back on the central banks on Wednesday as we await the second appearance this week of Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell and the Bank of England’s interest rate plans are questioned following some softer inflation numbers.

The pound is tumbling again on Wednesday after the latest inflation data for the UK threw a spanner in the works ahead of the BoE meeting in two weeks. There was a growing belief that the central bank will raise interest rates at the August meeting – rightly or wrongly – with the data this week seen providing additional support for such a move but the numbers we’ve seen this morning have done quite the opposite.

GBPUSD Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

Earlier this year when policy makers were preparing a May hike, inflation was much higher and was seen as being a key reason behind the desire to raise rates. Had that number ticked higher again today, as was expected, it would – along with the other data we’ve seen recently – have provided policy makers an opportunity to follow through on previous plans without coming under too much scrutiny.

Fed Powell advances the dollar

With that not happening and core CPI falling to 1.9%, below the central bank’s 2% target, the decision becomes that much more difficult and uncertain. Moreover, the timing of the meeting is not ideal, with Brexit talks not going smoothly and only a few months in which they need to be concluded. Ordinarily, it would make much more sense for the Monetary Policy Committee to wait until November when much more clarity will exist over the economy and Brexit, but I’m not sure they will and market pricing appears to currently support this view.

UK Inflation

August rate hike still well priced in

An August rate hike is still 72% priced in, down from 77% yesterday, despite this morning’s release, which suggests investors do not believe policy makers will be deterred. The BoE’s credibility has long be brought into question, most recently in May when after months of hinting at a rate hike, it changed its mind due to first quarter weakness which it believed was transitory.

UK Interest Rate Probability

Source – Thomson Reuters Eikon

If it holds off again in two weeks despite the bounce back in the economy, people will seriously question whether any attention at all should be paid to the central banks forward guidance. For this reason, I think they will raise rates and hope they won’t be forced to reverse course in the near future, say if Brexit talks collapse.

Powell speech may offer little new information on interest rates

Attention will now turn to Powell’s testimony on the semi-annual monetary policy report in front of the House Financial Services Committee, where the Fed Chair is once again expected to deliver a very upbeat assessment of the economy and stick to previous views on rate hikes. The Fed has become one of the less interesting central banks due to its reliability and transparency – something that is very much a goal of all central banks – which is likely to make today’s appearance less of a market moving event.

USD/JPY advances to six month high post-testimony

That’s not to say that it doesn’t have the potential to cause market swings, rather that what Powell will say will likely already be priced in and so any movements are less likely to be significant. He may surprise us, should he get into a deeper discussion on trade wars for example and the implications for monetary policy, but as yet this is not something that has had an impact on the outlook.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

First signs of tariffs impact in China’s June trade numbers

Imports drop as tariff wars bite

Today’s release of China’s trade data for June showed imports starting to feel the effect of tariff implementation, while exports managed a small increase. Imports rose a mere 14.1% in dollar terms, below the estimate of 20.8% and a severe drop from May’s 26.0% advance. Exports held up, recording 13.8% growth compared with a forecast of 10.0% and the previous month’s 12.6% gain. The trade surplus ballooned to $41.6 billion from $24.9 billion on the lower import bill.

At the same time, data for the first six months of the year were also released. Exports to the US rose 13.6% in dollar terms while imports climbed 11.8%. Commenting after the release, China Customs official Huang Song Ping said the H1 growth sets a solid foundation for the full year, though there are downward risks in H2.

China Data Calendar July 13

Source: MarketPulse

US economy “in a good place”

In a radio interview yesterday, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said he believes the US economy remains in a “good place” with recent tax cuts and spending programs likely to boost GDP for the next three years, adding that it is unclear how the trade disputes will end.

Fed Chairman Powell

Note: Powell will appear before Congress next week for his semiannual Humphrey Hawkins testimony.

EU growth forecast scaled back

Yesterday the European Commission cut its forecast for Euro-zone economic growth this year to 2.1% from 2.3% previously due to ongoing trade tensions with the US and rising oil prices. It singled out Italy as one to suffer most, with its growth forecast slashed to just 1.3%, the lowest among the 28-member bloc, citing ”re-emerging concerns or uncertainty about economic policies”. Germany and France, the two largest economies in the zone, are also expected to lose steam with forecasts of 1.9% and 1.7% respectively. This compares with 2.2% both economies grew by last year.

Fed’s Monetary Policy Report is the data highlight

The week finishes with a relatively nondescript data calendar. BOE’s Cunliffe, who sits on the dovish side of the fence, is scheduled to speak and it’s doubtful he will say anything different to his stance. US export and import prices feature in the US session while the Fed’s monetary policy report comes later. FOMC member Bostic closes off the week ahead of the weekly Baker Hughes oil rig count.

You can access the full data calendar on MarketPulse at https://www.marketpulse.com/economic-events/

Have a great weekend.