US Inflation Eyed as Markets Pare Losses

Markets higher after tariff-related losses

It’s been a more positive start to trade on Thursday, with equity markets in the green and paring Wednesday’s losses as investors continue to weigh up what impact the latest trade tariffs will have on the global economy.

While markets have typically reacted negatively to any escalation on trade, the overall impact has been relatively modest under the circumstances which suggests investors are far from panic mode right now. Many agree that tariffs will ultimately be bad for the global economy and therefore markets but there still seems to be some hope that common sense will prevail and a full blown trade war will be averted.

With Donald Trump now pursuing another $200 billion in tariffs against China though, we may have to wait a while as he is not easing up and China – and others – is determined to prove it will not be bullied into submission. Perhaps if the economy starts to suffer or the Republicans do badly in the midterms in November Trump will be forced to consider an alternative approach.

Equities shrug off trade tariff tensions

US inflation seen rising further

As it stands though, the economy is doing very well – aided by last year’s tax reforms – and the Federal Reserve is on course to raise interest rates twice more this year, having increased them on two occasions already. The central bank is clearly more concerned about the economy overheating right now than the prospect of a trade war – although this is also on their radar – and the inflation data we’ve seen very much justifies their view.

While CPI is not the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation, it does provide valuable insight and is typically released a couple of weeks before the core PCE price index. Today’s release is expected to show prices rising by 2.9% in June compared to a year earlier, with core inflation having risen by 2.3%, above the Fed’s 2% target. The core PCE price index may be a little behind this at 2% but this is at target and on the rise. Any unexpected increase today may suggest a similar rise is on the cards for the PCE numbers as well.

(Update 1) A tenuous and unstable state of affairs

ECB minutes eyed after dovish tightening last month

The minutes from the most recent European Central Bank meeting will also be released today. The ECB confirmed at the last meeting that it will end its quantitative easing program at the end of the year and won’t raise interest rates until at least the middle of 2019, which was largely in line with expectations. The dovish spin that was put on it though weighed on the euro at the time and it will be interesting to see whether the minutes have a similar impact.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

All is quiet on the western trade war front

All is quiet on the western trade war front

For a change,  all is quiet on the western trade war front as the drop in aggressive US tariff posturing and the nonfarm payroll after effects have propelled US equity market to the third consecutive day of substantial gains. While traders sit tight awaiting the next US trade salvo, but for the time being robust US economic data is offsetting concerns about rising trade tensions. In addition to the strong payrolls report, Federal Reserve Board data showed that consumer borrowing picked up in May with total consumer credit increasing $24.6 billion to a seasonally adjusted $3.9 trillion, up 7.6%. Indeed, this incredibly strong pace of credit growth points to a resilient US consumer while continuing to highlight an extremely robust US economy despite growing trade concerns.

But markets remain deceptively tricky and could be even more so as we enter the US dog days of summer.

In Asia markets, all eyes were on Xiaomi Corp IPO but the coming out party was less than a hit and didn’t exactly attract the feeding frenzy expected from high tech investors. Indeed, global high-tech investors continue to feel more comfortable investing in global stalwarts like apple as opposed to debutantes like Xiaomi who have more of an Asia centric presence. Of course, escalating trade war concerns weighed on sentiment but being the first of many prominent Chinese tech names coming to market seeking IPO in coming months, investors may have thought Xiaomi valuation a tad “toppish” in current market conditions. And are perhaps looking for more significant fire sales as more of China’s glittering tech giants swamp the IPO markets in the months ahead.

Oil Markets
Indeed, there’s a bullish undertone in the markets with the Iranian supply question expected to support and eventually push prices higher. The Brent market climbed amid ongoing concerns regarding Libyan supplies while treader weighed the bullish medium-term impact of Iran sanctions.

While WTI was under some early pressure after Syncrude Canada announced it would be restarting production from its Fort McMurray oil sands upgrader earlier than expected, but prices remained firm and started to rally after API showed another major draw of 4.50 million barrels.

Looking to Libya, the head of their state energy producer warned that output would keep falling day by day if significant ports remained closed because of clashes last month that lead to a standoff. Mustafa Sanalla, chairman of the Tripoli-based National Oil Corp, stated that “Today, production is 527,000 barrels a day, tomorrow it will be lower, and after tomorrow it will be even lower, and every day it will keep falling.” But keep in mind, current levels are less than half what the country was producing in February pre-political deadlock levels.

Even under the supposition that production from Saudi Arabia and Russia is sufficient to offset declining output from Venezuela, Libya and Iran, keeping the market in an approximate physical equilibrium, the stream of supply disruptions will continue to upset those dynamics.

Gold markets

The weaker dollar had gold bulls charging but the run of stop losses above $ 1261 cleared a path for Gold to touch $ 1265 overnight after political turmoil reared its ugly head in the UK when Boris Johnson resigned. But technically, gold has a long road to travel before breaching the more relevant technical levels around $1300 suggesting it remains ever so prone to the stronger USD. But the robust US economic data, fading of trade war rhetoric and extremely buoyant US equity markets turned golds tide overnight as “risk on ” saw gold prices fall from interday peaks and retreat before eventually finding support at around $1258 levels.

Currency Markets

In the currency market, Political unravelling in the UK has provided the best trading opportunities.

GBP: Another roller coaster ride on GBP overnight as Brexit markets got very uneasy after Boris Johnson resignation and the thought he could force a party coup which all but unwound the positively from Friday Brexit Chequers meeting. Long Sterling is arguably the G-10 most crowded trade so any Brexit hic up will likely trigger an outsized move as weaker near-term stops get triggered. But overall the long Sterling trade remains bruised but not broken.

AUD: The lack of trade drama is underpinning the AUDUSD. But the Aussie was arguably the most subscribed USD dollar long play in G-10, so players were mercilessly squeezed as ongoing China/US trade skirmishes are showing nascent signs of easing.

JPY: US yields and equities were soundlessly trended higher which have propelled USDPY to within striking distance of the 111 level. With investors running very neutral USD dollar exposure vs the JPY, short-term traders are boarding the risk- on wagon and buying USDJPY. If US equities continue to stabilise let alone move higher and US 10-year yields continue dribble north, we could eventually test the key 111.40 support line that has proved to be an impenetrable force for months.

MYR: The relief rally on the toned-down trade rhetoric continues to take hold of ASEAN markets. Risk on sentiment in US equity markets should play out positively for local bourses. Asian currencies are trading stronger aided by a sharp move lower in $RMB, robust equity performance and improved risk sentiment which is in complete contrast to last week’s markets tumult.

However, Malaysia registered another 1.65 billion in June outflow all but wiping all the reported 8 billion in fixed income flow from March 2017-2018 which tells the real tale of the election’s impact.

The next crucial focus will be the MPC on the July 11th This will be the first policy meeting chaired by the new BNM governor and with no real drive for BNM to adjust interest rate policy at this stage, however, given all the political uncertainty their remains a chance the BNM could offer up a dovish pause.

In the meantime, the MYR is benefiting from positive regional risk sentiment and rising oil prices all the while the Chinese RMB continues to unwinds last weeks trade induced tantrum.

CNH: For me its a case of know when to hold them and know when to fold them. While I think the RMB will eventually come under renewed pressure as China risk continues to wobble,  markets have read far too much into the China economic slowdown which will likely be modest at best. Still this week tier one China economic data will continue to supply food for thought.

EUR/USD – Is the Rally Running Out of Steam?

Are We Looking at an Overcrowded Market?

It’s difficult to find anyone at the moment that isn’t bullish on this pair in the long term and under the current circumstances, they may have a point. However, these markets don’t move in a straight line (even bitcoin as the last couple of months has shown us) and corrections along the way are both normal and healthy.

So when I ask if the rally is running out of steam, I’m not necessarily calling a top in the pair and in this case, I’m certainly not. What I’m suggesting is that the recent run higher – and once again it’s been a good one – may be looking a little overstretched and a pull-back could be on the cards.

The pair first started to look a little overbought earlier this month when it failed to make a new high and even appeared to have formed a small double top, but as we saw, the dollar bashing wasn’t quite over yet and despite breaking the neckline, we didn’t see much of a pull-back before it was once again tearing higher.

EURUSD Daily Chart

OANDA fxTrade Advanced Charting Platform

Once again though, we find ourselves testing the 1.25 region and we appear to be finding a lot of resistance. The two notable differences on this occasion though is that we did make a new high and we did not have the momentum indicators – MACD and stochastic – confirming the moves. This has left us with a negative divergence between price and momentum that is red flag for the bulls.

USD/JPY – Yen Edges Lower in Thin Holiday Trade

It’s worth noting at this point that a divergence in itself is not a sell signal, nor does it indicate that a pair won’t make a new high. It quite easily could, although if it does so with less momentum again, this would be a second red flag and further suggest that a correction may be coming. If a new high is made on rising momentum it would, however, suggest that bulls have found further reason to be bullish and negate the previous red flag warning.

With the pair now showing a divergence though and Friday’s daily candle looking rather bearish, having rallied above Thursday’s high and closed well below its low, I wonder whether the downside is at least going to be tested.

The first interesting level for me is 1.2320, this was a resistance level in mid-January that became support shortly after and then the neckline of the double top that never fully completed it’s corrective projection. While we broke above here quite easily on the way back up, it could prove more tricky this time if indeed the market is still bullish. A break below may be an early correction confirmation signal.

Gold Trading Sideways in Thin Holiday Trade

The more interesting level is 1.22 though, with it being roughly the area where the last two dips found support. A failure to do so on this occasion would be a bearish signal and could create an imperfect double top with the neckline here and the peaks being 25 January and 16 February highs. It would also signal an arguably overdue correction in the dollar with the last having been a little brief considering the move that preceeded it.

Given the size of the double top – roughly 1.25 to 1.22 – this could give us a possible price projection of 300 pips, creating possible support around 1.19. This would bring us back to a prior area of support and resistance and represent a 61.8% retracement from the November lows to the recent highs at which point traders longer term bullish appetite could be tested.