USD/CAD hits 4-1/2 month low on reports of NAFTA deal

USD/CAD drops to lowest since May

USD/CAD fell to its lowest level since May 23 following reports in the financial press that the US and Canada were “very close” to agreeing to a revised NAFTA ahead of an Oct 1 deadline. Later, the deal was largely confirmed as PM Trudeau said it was “a good day for Canada” while the Mexican foreign minister added it was “a good night for Mexico and for North America”.

The deal would allow Canada to join the agreement reached between the US and Canada back in August. Sources suggest that Canada exports of autos will be capped at a certain level, and Canada is to allow US access to about 3.5% of the domestic dairy market.

 

CTV reports NAFTA a done deal

 

USD/CAD traded below the 200-day moving average at 1.2870 for the first time since April 19, and is now testing the 55-week moving average at 1.2816. The pair is currently holding at 1.2829.

 

USD/CAD Daily Chart

Source: Oanda fxTrade

 

Will US PMIs echo the gloom in China?

The weekend release of China’s manufacturing PMI data for September was disappointing, with the official numbers showing a drop to 50.8 from 51.3 (estimates were for a slight drop to 51.2), the weakest reading in seven months. The PMI has held above the 50 threshold denoting contraction/expansion for the past two years. The Caixin PMI also fell, dropping to 50.0 from 50.6.

NOTE: China markets are closed all week so the reaction in the yuan has been relatively muted

Later today we see how much the US manufacturing sector has been affected by the US-China tariff war. The ISM reading for manufacturing is expected to slip to 60.5 from 61.3, which was a 7-year high, as the impact of the tariffs starts to bite.

 

Fed speakers on tap

The rest of the data calendar features German retail sales for August and the Markit manufacturing PMI for September, UK bank lending and money supply data and Euro-zone’s unemployment rate for August. FOMC members Bostic (dove, voter) and Rosengren (hawk, voter) are due to speak, though neither is likely to shift away from the tone of the FOMC statement.

 

You can view the full MarketPulse data calendar at https://www.marketpulse.com/economic-events/

 

 

Oanda’s Innes Sees a Bumpy Ride for Markets in 4Q

Source: MarketPulse

 

CTV reports NAFTA a done deal !!!

.

The Canadian Dollar 

As the midnight deadline approached reports were circulating that a NAFTA2 trilateral deal with Mexico -Canada and the US was close and with CTV news confirming  a done deal, the Canadain dollar has strengthened considerably

CTV News

Predictably USDCAD has moved to the   1.2800 initial target level where the street was pricing in a tentative fair value level for the Loonie post-Canada signing the agreement. So, we can assume the first wave of appreciation has been fully priced

Positions are very crowded, so we should expect a bit of profit taking as we await confirmation of the deal from both Prime Minister Trudeau and President Trump. But of course, the devil is in the details however very positive for the Canadian dollar none the less.

A couple of things that should have the Canadian Dollar Perma Bears heading for hibernation.

Last week stellar Canada GDP suggested the Bank of Canada, G-10’s second most hawkish bank next to the Fed,  has room to move interest rates higher.

Oil prices are surging as traders set sights on Brent $ 85 per barrel +

But now I’m now watching LNG!!!

And here is the kicker, and something that   that should not be overlooked in the NAFTA euphoria is  the massive LNG infrastructure  project headed for  Canada as reported by Bloomberg this morning

“Royal Dutch Shell Plc and its four partners have agreed to invest in a multibillion-dollar liquefied natural gas project in western Canada — the largest new one of its kind in years that would carve out the fastest route to Asia for North American gas.” ( Bloomberg)

Bloomberg

This deal suggests the USDCAD could quickly move to 1.2720, the next support level, given the enormity of this infrastructure spend alone. This spend is huge !!!

Indeed the stars are aligning for the Loonie, and likely not too late to get in on this party !!

USD is still very data-dependent , so it will be tricky to trade

For any follow-up, I’m contactable  on Reuters Messenger, via the BBG terminal or my mobile numbers

USD is still very data-dependent, so it will be tricky to trade

US Rates 

The markets are pricing in a higher probability of the terminal rate over 3.5%, signalling a convincingly hawkish view from last week FOMC. Chair Powell’s language around a healthy economy while emphasising data dependency suggests the Fed will continue to hike well into the restrictive territory or at least until the data weakens. It appears Powell is not a big fan of FOMC  forward guidance and sees interest rate condition too loose. But when considering labour market tightness, which should eventually drive inflation higher, the markets are far too sceptical and now reversing out some of that pessimism as the Fed’s appear on course to raise quarterly interest rates for the foreseeable future.

Currency Markets
G-10 focus on CAD, EUR and JPY  

The USD is still very data-dependent so even with a hawkish nod from the Fed the US  Dollar will be tricky to trade.

NAFTA 
Bloomberg is reporting U.S. and Canadian negotiators are close to a deal on NAFTA and there’s optimism it will be reached by the Sunday deadline — an outcome that would avoid an impasse that imperils $500 billion in annual trade, people familiar with the talks said.

There’s renewed urgency to nail down a new North American Free Trade Agreement that could be published by Sunday, so Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto can sign it before he leaves office, the people said. The U.S. and Mexico reached their agreement in August, triggering talks between the U.S. and Canada, which are being held around the clock this weekend. (Bloomberg)

Bloomberg

My View: steveinnes123

What’s interesting about this latest twist, is that The U.S. trade representative was expected to post text online this weekend that will lay out more of what Mexico has agreed to so far in NAFTA2. But the text was supposed to exclude details about Canada. Since the version was never posted online, could US trade representatives be holding it back, so they can post one for a trilateral agreement which includes a Canada provision? A lot of smoke signals on this call, and where there’s smoke there’s usually fire.

The Canadian Dollar

The implication for the Canadian dollar is enormous. Given the stellar GDP print last week, a data-dependent BoC governor Poloz, and skyrocketing oil prices, 1.28’s would seem like a lock. But with commodity Bloc of currencies expected to receive a fillip from rising hard and soft commodity prices, perhaps there is even more juice to be squeezed out if the Canadian dollar.

Mind you. I still find any deal on the eve of the Quebec, October 1, a bit of a stretch given the Liberal political fallout ( provincial and federal)from any concessions around the dairy industry, as the bulk of Canada’s Milk industry is based in Quebec. The most recent IPSOS poll shows the provincial Liberals and Coalition Avenir Quebec in a dead heat. Quebec produces about 50 per cent of Canada’s dairy, and its agricultural sector is roughly the size of Ontario’s automotive industry. None the less the market remains on  NAFTA watch.

The Euro

The Italian budget aside, since EU inspired political wobbles do tend to have a very short half-life effect on Euro sentiment,  higher US interest rate expectation amidst the backdrop of divergence between the Fed and the ECB, even more so after the tepid Eurozone inflation print on Friday, will underpin US dollar sentiment. The eurozone economic recovery is so uneven that the EURUSD could move lower for no other reason that the robust US economic story. Traders will probably look to re-engage EURUSD shorts on upticks.

The Japanese Yen

If the NKY and US 10 y yields continue to track higher, there is no reason the markets shouldn’t take out 114 this week. However, counter to my original thoughts that the USDJPY was an under-owned position, the latest CFTC data is painting a decidedly different picture as Yen shorts are at the highest level since early March. However, these derivative positions could have different paths of dependency than strictly the USD. So with US interest rates set to rise for the foreseeable future albeit with caveats that the US economy doesn’t go into the tank,  Regardless, with US interest rates set to rise for the foreseeable future albeit with caveats that the US economy doesn’t go into the tank, USDJPY should move higher.

The Australian Dollar
Much more focus on the US rates outlook in the wake of the FOMC, and this plays into the USD ‘s hand short term. I think the markets are tricky as USD moves are entirely data dependent.  While the RBA rate decision is on tap, there will be an outsized focus on next weeks NFP but more toward wage growth component as by all account the US job growth is rocking, but the Feds are looking for that elusive inflation spark. But this is where I temper my bearish Aussie expectations. With commodity prices going higher, this will undoubtedly be a boon for commodity-linked currencies so against a lot of forecasts I see the Aussie moving higher on that narrative alone.

Asia EM 

Malaysian Ringgit

The two primary competing narratives, surging Oil Prices vs higher US interest rates should see the MYR trading with a neutral to negative bias this week. The fact that there has been limited positive follow through from skyrocketing oil prices suggests investors remain incredibly nervous about the rising US dollar and higher US interest rates. Mind you my views up until last weeks FOMC was swinging like a pendulum on the Ringgit, but with Chair Powell making headway for Fed hawkishness, in contrast with a neutral to dovish BNM bias, my MYR  lean is shifting negative over the short term.

Non-Farm Payroll already in focus

Little more than a week after the FOMC, Friday’s US Non-Farm Payrolls take on the tremendous importance for near-term USD momentum as a critical focus will fall on US wages, and how quickly they expanded in September could have a significant impact on the projected course of US interest rates. Indeed, this week will probably go out with another sonic boom!

US Equity Markets: higher US interest rates should eventually factor.

US equity markets remain on solid footing supported by the impervious tech sector. For the time being US stock markets are showing incredible reliance in the face of higher interest rates and a possible escalation in the US-China trade war, as markets remain buoyed by the robust domestic economy. But at some point, the disconnect between the US and the rest of the world economies will flow through the asynchronous global growth feedback loop. But when you start factoring in higher US interest rates and the Feds dogged determination to drain the punch bowl, we could be nearing that turning point as the markets have been living on cheap borrowed money for some time. Eventually, higher US interest rates will become a significant negative factor.

China Markets: Manufacturing PMI wobbles 

Not surprisingly China’s official factory barometer decelerated more than expected in September, while the index for services and construction unexpectedly picked up.

The manufacturing PMI registered a disappointing 50.8 in September versus 51.3 in August, lower than Bloomberg survey median estimate of 51.2, but remains marginally above contraction. But the non-manufacturing PMI picked up to 54.9, versus 54.2 in August, so a bit of saw off, even more so when you factor that China is de-emphasising exports in favour of domestic demand.

While tariffs are causing some fraying at the brick and mortar level, China continues to support the demand side of the equation so while the manufacturing PMI is weak, the decline is not entirely uncontrollable.

Oil Markets

Brent crude finished the quarter most spectacularly as the potential impact of US sanctions on Iranian exports continued to mount on a report that at least one Chinese refinery was cutting back on purchases.

As reported by Reuters Singapore on Friday:

“China’s Sinopec Corp is halving loadings of crude oil from Iran this month, as the state refiner comes under intense pressure from Washington to comply with a U.S. ban on Iranian oil from November, said people with knowledge of the matter.”

Reuters

Show me the barrels 

So, given the  evolving China refinery narrative, until sizable supply is offered up by OPEC, ultimately traders will continue to push the envelope even more so with rampant speculation running amok  that US$ 100 per barrel  Brent is not just an oil pipe dream

So, what’s the next bullish catalyst?

Over the weekend U.S. President Donald Trump called Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, and they discussed efforts being made to maintain supplies for the market, stability and global economic growth, state news agency SPA reported late on Saturday.

But let’s make no mistake, higher oil prices bring tears of joy to oil producer including those in Texas and Oklahoma. And while Saudi Arabia continues to make concessionary overtones, but the real question is even if they wanted to bend to President Trumps wishes, how much spare capacity does the Kingdom have?   We’re going to find that out very soon as approximately 1.5 million barrels of Iranian oil is effectively going offline on November 4. If the market senses that Saudi Arabia capacity is tapped out at 10.5 million barrels per day, despite their fabled bottomless well, oil prices will rocket higher with the flashy $ 100 per barrel price tag indeed a reasonable sounding target.

The Middle East powder keg 

The Middle East  smouldering embers are set to ignite again as the New York Times reported that the US is evacuating its consulate in Southern Iraq because of attacks in recent weeks by militias supported by the Iranian government.“Iran should understand that the United States will respond promptly and appropriately to any such attacks,” Mr Pompeo said in the statement

The New York Times

At a minimum, this could derail any of those thoughts Tehran had of circumventing US sanctions by making side deals to supply oil to Europe. At maximum, further escalations by Iranian backed militias could see the US administration foreign policy hawks take flight. And don’t take John Bolton’s comments at the UN general assembly as an idle threat, ”  If you cross us, our allies, or our partners; if you harm our citizens; if you continue to lie, cheat, and deceive, yes, there will indeed be hell to pay.” Bolton is foreign policy hawk #1 and is all business when to comes to beating war drums,  even more so when  Any signs of growing unrest Iran is the target. Political noise in the middle east is usually positive for oil prices.

Gold Markets

A reality check as spot gold sold off very aggressively as the US dollar started to reassert itself on Friday. For the past three months, gold has traded more like a currency rather than a go-to safe have an asset. With the Euro tumbling head over heels, the $1190 trap door gave way and selling intensified as stop losses triggered, and short-term leveraged players raced to get downside exposure. However, the sub $1190 move was retraced heading into the weekend as the traders realised they were neck deep in oversold territory and frankly, they ( we) needed the weekend to reflect on what just happened!!

It could be a make or break week for golds near-term ambitions, and the story will likely unfold at Friday’s  US Non-Farm Payrolls release.

Gold has been a seller’s market for some time, but with $1190 level yielding, we’re now firmly in the gold bear zone and as such with the USD dollar likely to strengthen on the back of widening interest rates differentials, selling activity could intensify with speculators likely to target the August low when the yellow metal hit $1160 before rebounding.

.

Media

Please Join me on Bloomberg TV live from the Singapore Studio at 7:10 AM SGT Monday, Oct 1, discussing my views on the  RBA, Brexit and splashed with a bit of Brent and a sprinkled with  Iron Ore flakes.

  Bloomberg TV Asia

Later in the day, join  me on my weekly  France 24 TV European open spot  at 12:15 PM SGT discussing how Asia markets are faring today

 France 24 TV

The risky business of trading an interest rate view

For any follow-up, I can be reached on Reuters Messenger, via the BBG terminal or my mobile numbers

The risky business of trading an interest rate view

US Rates 

The markets are pricing in a higher probability of the terminal rate over 3.5%, signalling a convincingly hawkish view from last week FOMC. Chair Powell’s language around a healthy economy while emphasising data dependency suggests the Fed will continue to hike well into the restrictive territory or at least until the data weakens. It appears Powell is not a big fan of FOMC  forward guidance and sees interest rate condition too loose. But when considering labour market tightness, which should eventually drive inflation higher, the markets were far too sceptical and are now reversing out some of that pessimism as the Fed’s appear on course to raise quarterly interest rates for the foreseeable future.

Oil Markets

Brent crude finished the quarter most spectacularly as the potential impact of US sanctions on Iranian exports continued to mount on a report that at least one Chinese refiner was cutting back on purchases.

As reported by Reuters Singapore on Friday:

“China’s Sinopec Corp is halving loadings of crude oil from Iran this month, as the state refiner comes under intense pressure from Washington to comply with a U.S. ban on Iranian oil from November, said people with knowledge of the matter.”

Reuters

Show me the barrels 

So, given the  evolving China refinery narrative, until sizable supply is offered up by OPEC, ultimately traders will continue to push the envelope even more so with rampant speculation running amok  that US$ 100 per barrel  Brent is not just an oil pipe dream

So, what’s the next bullish catalyst?

Over the weekend U.S. President Donald Trump called Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, and they discussed efforts being made to maintain supplies for the market, stability and global economic growth, state news agency SPA reported late on Saturday.

But let’s make no mistake, higher oil prices bring tears of joy to oil producer including those in Texas and Oklahoma. And while Saudi Arabia continues to make concessionary overtones, but the real question is even if they wanted to bend to President Trumps wishes, how much spare capacity does the Kingdom have?   We’re going to find that out very soon as approximately 1.5 million barrels of Iranian oil is effectively going offline on November 4. If the market senses that Saudi Arabia capacity is tapped out at 10.5 million barrels per day, despite their fabled bottomless well, oil prices will rocket higher with the flashy $ 100 per barrel price tag indeed a reasonable sounding target.

The Middle East powder keg 

The Middle East  smouldering embers are set to ignite again as the New York Times reported that the US is evacuating its consulate in Southern Iraq because of attacks in recent weeks by militias supported by the Iranian government.“Iran should understand that the United States will respond promptly and appropriately to any such attacks,” Mr Pompeo said in the statement

The New York Times

At a minimum, this could derail any of those thoughts Tehran had of circumventing US sanctions by making side deals to supply oil to Europe. At maximum, further escalations by Iranian backed militias could see the US administration foreign policy hawks take flight. And don’t take John Bolton’s comments at the UN general assembly as an idle threat, ”  If you cross us, our allies, or our partners; if you harm our citizens; if you continue to lie, cheat, and deceive, yes, there will indeed be hell to pay.”  This policy hawk is all business when to comes to beating war drums,  even more so when they’re primarily directed at Iran. Any signs of growing unrest in the middle east could cause oil prices to rise.

Gold Markets

A reality check as spot gold sold off very aggressively as the US dollar started to reassert itself on Friday. For the past three months, gold has traded more like a currency rather than a go-to safe have an asset. With the Euro tumbling head over heels, the $1190 trap door gave way and selling intensified as stop losses trigged, and short-term leveraged players raced to get downside exposure. However, the sub $1190 move was retraced heading into the weekend as the traders realised they were neck deep in oversold territory and frankly, they ( we) needed the weekend to reflect on what just happened!!

It could be a make or break week for golds near-term ambitions, and the story will likely unfold at Friday’s  US Non-Farm Payrolls release.

Gold has been a seller’s market for some time, but with $1190 level yielding, we’re now firmly in the gold bear zone and as such with the USD dollar likely to strengthen on the back of widening interest rates differentials, selling activity could intensify with speculators likely to target the August low when the yellow metal hit $1160 before rebounding.

.
Non-Farm Payroll already in focus

Little more than a week after the FOMC, Friday’s US Non-Farm Payrolls take on the tremendous importance for near-term USD momentum as a critical focus will fall on US wages, and how quickly they expanded in September could have a significant impact on the projected course of US interest rates. Indeed, this week will probably go out with another sonic boom!

US Equity Markets: higher US interest rates should eventually factor.

US equity markets remain on solid footing supported by the impervious tech sector. For the time being US stock markets are showing incredible reliance in the face of higher interest rates and a possible escalation in the US-China trade war, as markets remain buoyed by the robust domestic economy. But at some point, the disconnect between the US and the rest of the world economies will flow through the asynchronous global growth feedback loop. But when you start factoring in higher US interest rates and the Feds dogged determination to drain the punch bowl, we could be nearing that turning point as the markets have been living on cheap borrowed money for some time. Eventually, higher US interest rates will become a significant negative factor.

China Markets: Manufacturing PMI wobbles 

Not surprisingly China’s official factory barometer decelerated more than expected in September, while the index for services and construction unexpectedly picked up.

The manufacturing PMI registered a disappointing 50.8 in September versus 51.3 in August, lower than Bloomberg survey median estimate of 51.2, but remains marginally above contraction. But the non-manufacturing PMI picked up to 54.9, versus 54.2 in August, so a bit of saw off, even more so when you factor that China is de-emphasising exports in favour of domestic demand.

While tariffs are causing some fraying at the brick and mortar level, China continues to support the demand side of the equation so while the manufacturing PMI is weak, the decline is not entirely uncontrollable.

Currency Markets
G-10 focus on CAD, EUR and JPY

NAFTA 
Bloomberg is reporting U.S. and Canadian negotiators are close to a deal on NAFTA and there’s optimism it will be reached by the Sunday deadline — an outcome that would avoid an impasse that imperils $500 billion in annual trade, people familiar with the talks said.

There’s renewed urgency to nail down a new North American Free Trade Agreement that could be published by Sunday, so Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto can sign it before he leaves office, the people said. The U.S. and Mexico reached their agreement in August, triggering talks between the U.S. and Canada, which are being held around the clock this weekend. (Bloomberg)

Bloomberg

My View: steveinnes123

What’s interesting about this latest twist, is that The U.S. trade representative was expected to post text online this weekend that will lay out more of what Mexico has agreed to so far in NAFTA2. But the text was supposed to exclude details about Canada. Since the version was never posted online, could US trade representatives be holding it back, so they can post one for a trilateral agreement which includes a Canada provision? A lot of smoke signals on this call, and where there’s smoke there’s usually fire.

The Canadian Dollar

The implication for the Canadian dollar is enormous. Given the stellar GDP print last week, a data-dependent BoC governor Poloz, and skyrocketing oil prices, 1.28’s would seem like a lock. But with commodity Bloc of currencies expected to receive a fillip from rising hard and soft commodity prices, perhaps there is even more juice to be squeezed out if the Canadian dollar.

The Euro

The Italian budget aside, higher US interest rate expectation amidst the backdrop of divergence between the Fed and the ECB, even more so after the tepid Eurozone inflation print on Friday, will underpin US dollar sentiment.

The Japanese Yen

If the NKY and US 10 y yields continue to track higher, there is no reason the markets shouldn’t take out 114 this week. However, counter to my original thoughts that the USDJPY was an under-owned position, the latest CFTC data is painting a decidedly different picture as Yen shorts are at the highest level since early March. However, these derivative positions could have different paths of dependency than strictly the USD. Regardless, with US interest rates set to rise for the foreseeable future albeit with caveats that the US economy doesn’t go into the tank, USDJPY should move higher.

The Australian Dollar
Much more focus on the US rates outlook in the wake of the FOMC, and this plays into the USD ‘s hand short term. I think the markets are tricky as USD moves are entirely data dependent.  While the RBA rate decision is on tap, there will be an outsized focus on next weeks NFP but more toward wage growth component as by all account the US job growth is rocking, but the Feds are looking for that elusive inflation spark. But this is where I temper my bearish Aussie expectations. With commodity prices going higher, this will undoubtedly be a boon for commodity-linked currencies so against a lot of forecasts I see the Aussie moving higher on that narrative alone.

Asia EM 

Malaysian Ringgit

The two primary competing narratives, surging Oil Prices vs higher US interest rates should see the MYR trading with a neutral to negative bias this week. The fact that there has been limited positive follow through from skyrocketing oil prices suggests investors remain incredibly nervous about the rising US dollar and higher US interest rates. Mind you my views up until last weeks FOMC was swinging like a pendulum on the Ringgit, but with Chair Powell making headway for Fed hawkishness, in contrast with a neutral to dovish BNM bias, my MYR  lean is shifting negative over the short term.

Media: Please Join me on Bloomberg TV live from the Singapore Studio at 7:10 AM SGT Monday, Oct 1, discussing my views on the  RBA, Brexit and splashed with a bit of Brent and a sprinkled with  Iron Ore flakes.

  Bloomberg TV Asia

Later in the day, join  me on my weekly  France 24 TV European open spot  at 12:15 PM SGT discussing how Asia markets are faring today

 France 24 TV

Good News for the Loonie? NAFTA deal close according to Bloomberg.

Bloomberg is reporting U.S. and Canadian negotiators are close to a deal on Nafta and there’s optimism it will be reached by the Sunday deadline — an outcome that would avoid an impasse that imperils $500 billion in annual trade, people familiar with the talks said.

There’s renewed urgency to nail down a new North American Free Trade Agreement that could be published by Sunday so it can be signed by Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto before he leaves office, the people said. The U.S. and Mexico reached their agreement in August, triggering talks between the U.S. and Canada, which are being held around the clock this weekend. ( Bloomberg)

Stephens View @steveinnes123

What’s interesting about this latest twist, is that The U.S. trade representative was expected to post text online this weekend that will lay out more of what Mexico has agreed to so far in the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement. But the text was supposed to exclude details about Canada. Since the version was never posted online, could US trade representatives be holding it back so they can post one for a trilateral agreement which includes a  Canada provision?  A lot of smoke signals on this call, and where there’s smoke there’s usually fire.

The Canadian Dollar 

The implication for the Canadian dollar is enormous. Given the stellar GDP print last week, a data-dependent BoC governor Poloz, and skyrocketing oil prices, 1.28’s would seem like a lock. But with commodity Bloc of currencies expected to receive a fillip from rising hard and soft commodity prices, perhaps there is even more CAD juice to be squeezed if NAFTA 2 gets inked.

Bloomberg

Media: Please Join me on Bloomberg TV live from the Singapore Studio at 7:10 AM SGT Monday, Oct 1, discussing my views on NAFTA2,  RBA, Brexit and splashed with a bit of Brent and a sprinkled with some   Iron Ore flakes.   Bloomberg TV Asia

OANDA Market Insights podcast (episode 33)

OANDA Senior Market Analyst Alfonso Esparza reviews the week’s business and market news with Jazz FM Business Breakfast presenter Jonny Hart.

This week’s big stories: US Fed hike s rate, Italians stocks plunge, oil set to spike.

Strong Dollar Awaits Jobs Report to Validate Further Fed Hikes

The US dollar is mixed against major pairs on Friday. The dollar gained against the JPY, EUR, GBP and CHF but depreciated against the commodity pairs (CAD, AUD and NZD).

Fundamental data in the US supported the dollar: the Fed delivered its anticipated third rate hike of 2018, the final GDP for the second quarter was 4.2 percent. Fed Chair Powell’s speech and press conference after the FOMC was a big factor in the rise of the dollar after the market had already priced in the 25 basis points lift to interest rates. Mr Powell will speak next week on Tuesday, October 2nd on the topic of employment and inflation. This will officially kick off jobs week in the US.

The main event will be the release of the biggest economic indicator on Friday, October 5 at 8:30 am when the U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) is published.

  • US manufacturing and service PMIs could signal growth slowdown
  • UK leading indicators expected to remain flat
  • US NFP report to show economy added 190,000 jobs

Euro Hit by Political Turmoil and Inflation Softness

The EUR/USD lost 0.26 percent on Friday. The single currency is trading at 1.1610 and accumulated 1.16 percent in losses during the week. A higher than predicted Italian budget for 2019 at 2.4 percent and softer core inflation in the eurozone put downward pressure on the currency.



European stock markets were hit by the news as political turmoil once again threatens the European Union.

The other shoe dropped when inflation slowed down in the Eurozone in the same week that the U.S. Federal Reserve hiked rates and was optimistic about economic growth in the US.

The monetary policy divergence between the Fed and other major central banks was clear this week as fundamentals back the US policy makers, while questions remain on how effective other policy makers around the world have been.

Loonie Rises as GDP Data Validates October Rate Hike

The Canadian dollar rose on Friday after the monthly gross domestic product (GDP) beat the forecast with a 0.2 percent gain. The loonie is up almost 1 percent on the final day of the trading week. The currency is still showing a weekly loss against the greenback as NAFTA uncertainty and the U.S. Federal Reserve rate announcement put downward pressure.

The rise today comes with higher expectations of a Canadian interest rate lift in October. The Bank of Canada (BoC) held rates in September ahead of a highly anticipated Fed rate hike in September that came to pass. The US central bank has forecasted another rate hike in 2018 and 2 or 3 more next year as part of its economic projections published Wednesday.


usdcad Canadian dollar graph, September 28, 2018

BoC Governor Stephen Poloz spoke on Thursday addressing the rising inflation and Friday’s GDP data point puts a rate hike firmly on the table in the short term.

NAFTA negotiations have not made big inroads as the US met with Canada with the goal of turning two bilateral agreements into a trilateral one.

With a considerable amount of work still to be done in bridging the gap between US and Canada, the US-Mexico agreement will be published tonight with a possibility of leaving the door open for Canada to join.

It is that possibility that has kept the loonie gaining despite the NAFTA train moving without Canada.

Crude Surges as Supply Concerns Push Prices to 4 Year Highs

Oil prices surged on Friday as supply concerns took crude to four year highs. The news that China is cutting back on Iranian oil purchases triggered a rally where Brent and WTI had a 1.40 percent one-day gain. Brent is on track to a 5.34 percent gain during the week with WTI clocking in at 3.66 percent.

The US sanctions against Iran don’t kick into effect until November, but the harsh penalties threatened against those who do have made Iranian crude purchases drop.


West Texas Intermediate graph

China’s Sinopec Corp is slashing its loadings in half to avoid the wrath of Washington. In August Sinopec planned to offer Tehran a lifeline by circumventing the sanctions as it reduced US oil purchases due to the rising trade turmoil between the US and China.

The decision by the Chinese state owned energy company will deal a huge blow to Iran as China is its biggest customer.


West Texas Intermediate graph

The shortfall from Iranian crude sales does not have a short term solution after US Energy Secretary Rick Perry said earlier this week that the US would not tap into its emergency crude reserves to bring prices down.

US President Donald Trump had implied during his UN General Assembly speech that unless the OPEC increase production levels America’s would utilize its position as the largest energy producer in the world.

Gold Gains But US Dollar to Limit Recovery

Gold rose 0.67 percent on Friday but the strength of the US dollar after the U.S. Federal Reserve lifted interest rates this week proved to be too much for the yellow metal that will end up losing 0.49 percent on a weekly basis.

The Fed raised the benchmark rate by 25 basis points and the futures market is pricing in a 78.5 percent probability of a lift in December. Gold traders will look ahead at next week’s manufacturing and service PMIs for more guidance as the US economy continues to grow. Friday’s U.S. non farm payrolls (NFP) will be the final test of the yellow metal.



The US is expected to add 190,000 jobs with average hourly earning rising 0.3 percent. Higher inflation expectations validate the Fed’s forecasts and the market is pricing in a rate hike in December and follow ups in 2019.

Market events to watch this week:

Monday, October 1
4:30am GBP Manufacturing PMI
10:00am USD ISM Manufacturing PMI
Tuesday, October 2
12:30am AUD Cash Rate
12:30am AUD RBA Rate Statement
4:30am GBP Construction PMI
12:45pm USD Fed Chair Powell Speaks
Wednesday, October 3
4:30am GBP Services PMI
8:15am USD ADP Non-Farm Employment Change
10:00am USD ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
Thursday, October 4
9:30pm AUD Retail Sales m/m
Friday, October 5
8:30am CAD Employment Change
8:30am CAD Trade Balance
8:30am USD Average Hourly Earnings m/m
8:30am USD Non-Farm Employment Change

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

USD/CAD Canadian Dollar Rises as GDP Data Validates October Rate Hike

The Canadian dollar rose on Friday after the monthly gross domestic product (GDP) beat the forecast with a 0.2 percent gain. The loonie is up almost 1 percent on the final day of the trading week. The currency is still showing a weekly loss against the greenback as NAFTA uncertainty and the U.S. Federal Reserve rate announcement put downward pressure.

The rise today comes with higher expectations of a Canadian interest rate lift in October. The Bank of Canada (BoC) held rates in September ahead of a highly anticipated Fed rate hike in September that came to pass. The US central bank has forecasted another rate hike in 2018 and 2 or 3 more next year as part of its economic projections published Wednesday.

BoC Governor Stephen Poloz spoke on Thursday addressing the rising inflation and Friday’s GDP data point puts a rate hike firmly on the table in the short term.


usdcad Canadian dollar graph, September 28, 2018

NAFTA negotiations have not made big inroads as the US met with Canada with the goal of turning two bilateral agreements into a trilateral one.

With a considerable amount of work still to be done in bridging the gap between US and Canada, the US-Mexico agreement will be published tonight with a possibility of leaving the door open for Canada to join.

It is that possibility that has kept the loonie gaining despite the NAFTA train moving without Canada.

Canadian dollar edges higher, Canadian GDP ahead

The Canadian dollar has slight gains on Friday, erasing the losses seen on Thursday. Currently, USD/CAD is trading at 1.3018, down 0.18% on the day. On the release front, Canada will publish GDP, which is released each month. The July release is expected to show a weak gain of 0.1%. In the U.S, the focus is on consumer reports. Personal Spending is expected to edge lower to 0.3%, while UoM Consumer Sentiment is expected to climb to 100.5 points. The indicator last broke through the symbolic 100 level in March. As well, the U.S releases Core PCE Price Index, the preferred inflation indicator of the Federal Reserve, with an estimate of 0.3%.

The next rate meeting for the Bank of Canada is not until late October, but the bank is already under strong pressure to raise rates. The Federal Reserve raised rates on Wednesday and another rate hike is expected in December, which would be the fourth hike in 2018. On Thursday, BoC head Stephen Poloz said that the bank will continue to raise rates gradually and that a key priority for the BoC would be preventing inflation from gaining momentum. The BoC has raised rates some four times since July 2017, but has shown some hesitancy to raise rates due to trade war tensions, as Canadian and U.S negotiators have yet to agree on a new NAFTA accord.

As widely expected, the Federal Reserve pressed that rate trigger for the third time this year, raising the benchmark rate by a quarter-point, to a range of 2 percent to 2.25 percent. The Fed intends to continue gradually raising rates, with another rate hike expected in December and three hikes in 2019. What was of more interest to investors was the rate statement, in which the Fed removed the word ‘accommodative’ in the statement, which means that the Fed now considers monetary policy to be neutral. Fed Chair Jerome Powell, in a bid to keep markets calm, stated in a follow-up press conference that removing accommodative language in the statement did not reflect a change in policy. Still, the markets were upbeat after the Fed meeting and the U.S dollar has responded with gains against the Canadian dollar on Thursday.

OANDA Trading Asia market update JPY and EUR in focus

Still picking up the FOMC pieces and tying up a few loose ends

 

USD/CAD Fundamentals

Friday (September 28)

  • 8:30 Canadian GDP. Estimate 0.1%
  • 8:30 Canadian RMPI. Estimate 0.8%
  • 8:30 Canadian IPPI. Estimate 0.6%
  • 8:30 US Personal Spending. Estimate 0.3%
  • 8:30 US Core PCE Price Index. Estimate 0.1%
  • 8:30 US Personal Income. Estimate 0.4%
  • 9:45 US Chicago PMI. Estimate 62.3
  • 10:00 US Revised UoM Consumer Sentiment. Estimate 100.5
  • 10:00 US Revised UoM Inflation Expectations

*All release times are DST

*Key events are in bold

 

USD/CAD for Friday, September 28, 2018

USD/CAD, September 28 at 7:50 DST

Open: 1.3042 High: 1.3050 Low: 1.3008 Close: 1.3018

USD/CAD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.2733 12831 1.2970 1.3067 1.3160 1.3292

USD/CAD has recorded small losses in the Asian and European sessions

  • 1.2970 is a support level
  • 1.3067 is the next resistance line
  • Current range: 1.2970 to 1.3067

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.2970, 1.2831 and 1.2733
  • Above: 1.3067, 1.3160, 1.3292 and 1.3436

Oil Rises but Limited by Strong Dollar

Oil prices recovered from Trump singling out the OPEC’s influence on oil prices. Energy Secretary Perry said that the Administration would not be using the SPR to offset the disruption of Iranian crude. A strong dollar is keeping the black stuff from rising higher. The rate increase that has heavily anticipated by the market came to pass and boosted the dollar against all majors.


West Texas Intermediate graph

Global growth concerns rose after the Trump administration is taking a tough stance on Canada on its NAFTA negotiations and the US-China negotiations don’t have a date to restart talks. Energy demand is negatively impacted by a trade war scenario and for the moment the lower supply narrative as a result of the sanctions against Iran are keeping prices bid.


West Texas Intermediate graph

Saudi Arabia as the de facto leader of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) will be under pressure to cover the shortfall. Saudi Aramco is said to be increasing output capacity by more than 500,000 daily barrels but the supply and demand of crude will continue to be sensitive to geopolitical pressure